National Parks and Tiger Reserves of India with Maps

Protected Areas

  • India has a network of ~880 Protected Areas covering a total of ~1,66,500 km2 (~5.06%)of geographical area.
Protected Areas of India (July 2021)
Protected Area Type Number Total Area (Km2) Coverage % of Country
National Parks (NPs) 106 41,157 1.23
Wildlife Sanctuaries (WLSs) 568 ~120,500 3.64
Conservation Reserves (CRs) 88 4,356 0.13
Community Reserves 127 525 0.02
Protected Areas (PAs) ~889 ~1,66,500 Km2 ~5.06
  • BR: Biosphere Reserve (A BR may consist of a few NPs, wildlife sanctuaries, protected and reserve forests)
  • NP: National Park
  • TR: Tiger Reserve (A TR may consist of an NP, a few wildlife sanctuaries and protected and reserve forests)
  • WLS: Wildlife Sanctuary
  • BS: Bird Sanctuary (a Bird Sanctuary is a WLS that conserves birds and their natural habitats)
  • PF: Protected Forest
  • RF: Reserve Forest
  • ER: Elephant Reserve
  • RS: Ramsar Site

In terms of protection, National Parks > Wildlife Sanctuary > Reserved forests > Protected forests

National Parks of India

National Parks of IndiaNational Parks of India

List of National Parks of India

S.No. State (number of NPs) Name of State/ Protected Area Year Area (km2)
1 Andaman & Nicobar Islands (9) 1.      Campbell Bay NP 1992 426.23
2 2.      Galathea Bay NP 1992 110
3 3.      Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) NP 1983 281.5
4 4.      Middle Button Island NP 1987 0.44
5 5.      Mount Harriett NP 1987 46.62
6 6.      North Button Island NP 1987 0.44
7 7.      Rani Jhansi Marine NP 1996 256.14
8 8.      Saddle Peak NP 1987 32.54
9 9.      South Button Island NP 1987 0.03
10 Andhra Pradesh (3) 1.      Papikonda NP 2008 1013
11 2.      Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) NP 2005 2.4
12 3.      Sri Venkateswara NP 1989 353.6
13 Arunachal Pradesh (2) 1.      Mouling NP 1986 483
14 2.      Namdapha NP 1983 1808
15 Assam (7) 1.      Dibru-Saikhowa NP 1999 340
16 2.      Kaziranga NP 1974 859
17 3.      Manas NP 1990 500
18 4.      Nameri NP 1998 200
19 5.      Rajiv Gandhi Orang NP 1999 78.81
20 6.      Raimona NP 2021 422
21 7.      Dihing Patkai NP 2021 234
22 Bihar (1) 1.      Valmiki NP 1989 335.65
23 Chhattisgarh (3) 1.      Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) NP 1981 1440.7
24 2.      Indravati (Kutru) NP 1982 1258.4
25 3.      Kanger Valley NP 1982 200
26 Goa (1) 1.      Mollem NP 1992 107
27 Gujarat (4) 1.      Vansda NP 1979 23.99
28 2.      Blackbuck (Velavadar) NP 1976 34.53
29 3.      Gir NP 1975 258.71
30 4.      Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) NP 1982 162.89
31 Haryana (2) 1.      Kalesar NP 2003 46.82
32 2.      Sultanpur NP 1989 1.43
33 Himachal Pradesh (5) 1.      Great Himalayan NP 1984 754.4
34 2.      Inderkilla NP 2010 104
35 3.      Khirganga NP 2010 710
36 4.      Pin Valley NP 1987 675
37 5.      Simbalbara NP 2010 27.88
38 UT of Jammu & Kashmir (3)

UT of Ladakh (1)

1.      City Forest (Salim Ali) NP (J&K) 1992 9
39 2.      Dachigam NP (J&K) 1981 141
40 3.      Hemis NP (Ladakh) 1981 3350
41 4.      Kishtwar NP (J&K) 1981 425
42 Jharkhand (1) 1.      Betla NP 1986 226.33
43 Karnataka (5) 1.      Anshi NP 1987 417.34
44 2.      Bandipur NP 1974 874.2
45 3.      Bannerghatta NP 1974 260.51
46 4.      Kudremukh NP 1987 600.32
47 5.      Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) NP 1988 643.39
48 Kerala (6) 1.      Anamudi Shola NP 2003 7.5
49 2.      Eravikulam NP 1978 97
50 3.      Mathikettan Shola NP 2003 12.82
51 4.      Pambadum Shola NP 2003 1.318
52 5.      Periyar NP 1982 350
53 6.      Silent Valley NP 1984 89.52
54 Madhya Pradesh (10) 1.      Bandhavgarh NP 1968 448.85
55 2.      Dinosaur Fossils NP 2011 0.8974
56 3.      Fossil NP 1983 0.27
57 4.      Indira Priyadarshini Pench NP 1975 292.85
58 5.      Kanha NP 1955 940
59 6.      Madhav NP 1959 375.22
60 7.      Panna NP 1981 542.67
61 8.      Sanjay NP 1981 466.88
62 9.      Satpura NP 1981 585.17
63 10.   Van Vihar NP 1979 4.45
64 Maharashtra (6) 1.      Chandoli NP 2004 317.67
65 2.      Gugamal NP 1975 361.28
66 3.      Nawegaon NP 1975 133.88
67 4.      Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) NP 1975 257.26
68 5.      Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) NP 1983 86.96
69 6.      Tadoba NP 1955 116.55
70 Manipur (1) 1.      Keibul-Lamjao NP (in Loktak Lake) 1977 40
71 Meghalaya (2) 1.      Balphakram NP 1985 220
72 2.      Nokrek Ridge NP 1986 47.48
73 Mizoram (2) 1.      Murlen NP 1991 100
74 2.      Phawngpui Blue Mountain NP 1992 50
75 Nagaland (1) 1.      Intanki NP 1993 202.02
76 Odisha (2) 1.      Bhitarkanika NP 1988 145
77 2.      Simlipal NP 1980 845.7
78 Rajasthan (5) 1.      Desert NP 1992 3162
79 2.      Keoladeo Ghana NP 1981 28.73
80 3.      Mukundra Hills NP 2006 200.54
81 4.      Ranthambhore NP 1980 282
82 5.      Sariska NP 1992 273.8
83 Sikkim (1) 1.      Khangchendzonga NP 1977 1784
84 Tamil Nadu (5) 1.      Guindy NP 1976 2.82
85 2.      Gulf of Mannar Marine NP 1980 6.23
86 3.      Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) NP 1989 117.1
87 4.      Mudumalai NP 1990 103.23
88 5.      Mukurthi NP 1990 78.46
89 Telangana (3) 1.      Kasu Brahmananda Reddy NP 1994 1.43
90 2.      Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali NP 1994 14.59
91 3.      Mrugavani NP 1994 3.6
92 Tripura (2) 1.      Clouded Leopard NP 2007 5.08
93 2.      Bison (Rajbari) NP 2007 31.63
94 Uttar Pradesh (1) 1.      Dudhwa NP 1977 490
95 Uttarakhand (6) 1.      Corbett NP 1936 520.82
96 2.      Gangotri NP 1989 2390.02
97 3.      Govind NP 1990 472.08
98 4.      Nanda Devi NP 1982 624.6
99 5.      Rajaji NP 1983 820
100 6.      Valley of Flowers NP 1982 87.5
101 West Bengal (6) 1.      Buxa NP 1992 117.1
102 2.      Gorumara NP 1992 79.45
103 3.      Jaldapara NP 2014 216.51
104 4.      Neora Valley NP 1986 159.89
105 5.      Singalila NP 1986 78.6
106 6.      Sunderban NP 1984 1330.1
~41,157
30 Largest National Parks in terms of area   Descending order of States in terms of number of National Parks
Rank National Park Area (km2)   Rank State No. of NPs
1 Hemis NP 3,350 1 Madhya Pradesh 10
2 Desert NP 3,162 2 Andaman & Nicobar 9
3 Gangotri NP 2,390 3 Assam 7
4 Namdapha NP 1,808 4 Kerala 6
5 Khangchendzonga NP 1,784 5 Maharashtra 6
6 Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) NP 1,441 6 Uttarakhand 6
7 Sunderban NP 1,330 7 West Bengal 6
8 Indravati (Kutru) NP 1,258 8 Himachal Pradesh 5
9 Papikonda NP 1,013 9 Karnataka 5
10 Kanha NP 940 10 Rajasthan 5
11 Bandipur NP 874 11 Tamil Nadu 5
12 Kaziranga NP 859 12 Gujarat 4
13 Simlipal NP 846 13 J&K UT + Ladakh UT 4
14 Rajaji NP 820 14 Andhra Pradesh 3
15 Great Himalayan NP 754 15 Chhattisgarh 3
16 Khirganga NP 710 16 Telangana 3
17 Pin Valley NP 675 17 Arunachal Pradesh 2
18 Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) NP 643 18 Haryana 2
19 Nanda Devi NP 625 19 Meghalaya 2
20 Kudremukh NP 600 20 Mizoram 2
21 Satpura NP 585 21 Odisha 2
22 Panna NP 543 22 Tripura 2
23 Corbett NP 521 23 Bihar 1
24 Manas NP 500 24 Goa 1
25 Dudhwa NP 490 25 Jharkhand 1
26 Mouling NP 483 26 Manipur 1
27 Govind NP 472 27 Nagaland 1
28 Sanjay NP 467 28 Sikkim 1
29 Bandhavgarh NP 449 29 Uttar Pradesh 1
30 Campbell Bay NP 426 Oldest National Parks
Smallest National Parks in terms of Area   NP Year
Rank National Park Area (km2) 1 Corbett NP 1936
1 South Button Island NP 0.03 2 Kanha NP 1955
2 Fossil NP 0.3 3 Tadoba NP 1955
4 North Button Island NP 0.4 Newest National Parks
5 Middle Button Island NP 0.9 NP Year
6 North Button Island NP 1.3 1 Dihing Patkai NP 2021
7 Dinosaur Fossils NP 1.4 2 Raimona NP 2021
8 Pambadum Shola NP 1.4 3 Jaldapara NP 2014

Tiger Reserves of India

Tiger Reserves in India Tiger Reserves in India

List of Tiger Reserves in India (53 Tiger Reserves in 2022)

State/UT Tiger Reserve Core area (In Sq. Kms.) Buffer area (In Sq. Kms.) Total Area (In Sq. Kms.)
1 Andhra Pradesh (1) Nagarjunsagar Srisailam (1982-83) 2595.72 700.59 3296.31
2 Arunachal Pradesh (3) Namdapha (1982-83) 1807.82 245 2052.82
3 Pakke (1999-2000) 683.45 515 1198.45
4 Kamlang (2016) 671 112 783
5 Assam (4) Manas (1973-74) 526.22 2310.88 2837.1
6 Nameri (1999-2000) 320 144 464
7 Kaziranga (2008-09) 625.58 548 1173.58
8 Orang (2016) 79.28 413.18 492.46
9 Bihar (1) Valmiki (1989-90) 598.45 300.93 899.38
10 Chhattisgarh (4) Udanti-Sitanadi (2008-09) 851.09 991.45 1842.54
11 Achanakmar (2008-09) 626.195 287.822 914.017
12 Indravati (1982-83) 1258.37 1540.7 2799.07
13 Guru Ghasidas NP & Tamor Pingla WLS) (October 2021) 2048
14 Jharkhand (1) Palamau (1973-74) 414.08 715.85 1129.93
15 Karnataka (5) Bandipur (1973-74) 872.24 584.06 1456.3
16 Bhadra (1998-99) 492.46 571.83 1064.29
17 Dandeli-Anshi (Kali) (2008-09) 814.884 282.63 1097.514
18 Nagarahole (2008-09) 643.35 562.41 1205.76
19 Biligiri Ranganatha Temple (2011) 359.1 215.72 574.82
20 Kerala (2) Periyar (1978-79) 881 44 925
21 Parambikulam (2008-09) 390.89 252.772 643.662
22 Madhya Pradesh (6) Kanha (1973-74) 917.43 1134.361 2051.791
23 Pench (1992-93) 411.33 768.3023 1179.632
24 Bandhavgarh (1993-94) 716.903 820.0351 1598.1
25 Panna (1994-95) 576.13 1021.97 1598.1
26 Satpura (1999-2000) 1339.264 794.044 2133.308
27 Sanjay-Dubri (2008-09) 812.571 861.931 1674.502
28 Maharashtra (6) Melghat (1973-74) 1500.49 1268.03 2768.52
29 Tadoba-Andhari (1993-94) 625.82 1101.771 1727.591
30 Pench (1998-99) 257.26 483.96 741.22
31 Sahyadri (2009-10) 600.12 565.45 1165.57
32 Nawegaon-Nagzira (2013-14) 653.674 1241.27 1894.944
33 Bor (2014) 138.12 678.15 816.27
34 Mizoram (1) Dampa (1994-95) 500 488 988
35 Odisha (2) Similipal (1973-74) 1194.75 1555.25 2750
36 Satkosia (2008-09) 523.61 440.26 963.87
37 Rajasthan (4) Ranthambore (1973-74) 1113.364 297.9265 1411.291
38 Sariska (1978-79) 881.1124 332.23 1213.342
39 Mukandra Hills (2013-14) 417.17 342.82 759.99
40 Ramgarh Vishdhari (June 2021) 309 740 1052
41 Tamil Nadu (5) Kalakad-Mundanthurai (1988-89) 895 706.542 1601.542
42 Mudumalai (2008-09) 321 367.59 688.59
43 Sathyamangalam (2013-14) 793.49 614.91 1408.4
44 Anamalai (2008-09) 958.59 521.28 1479.87
45 Srivilliputhur-Megamalai (Feb 2021) 641 374 1016
46 Telangana (2) Kawal (2012-13) 892.23 1123.212 2015.44
47 Amrabad (2014) 2166.37 445.02 2611.39
48 Uttar Pradesh (2) Dudhwa (1987-88) 1093.79 1107.985 2201.775
49 Pilibhit (2014) 602.798 127.4518 730.2498
50 Uttarakhand (2) Corbett (1973-74) 821.99 466.32 1288.31
51 Rajaji (2015) 819.54 255.63 1075.17
52 West Bengal (2) Sunderbans (1973-74) 1699.62 885.27 2584.89
53 Buxa (1982-83) 390.5813 367.3225 757.9038
  Total 40145.3 32603.72 74749.02
Largest Tiger Reserves   Descending order of States in terms of number of Tiger Reserves
Rank Name of Tiger Reserve Core Area in km2   Rank State No. of TRs
1 Nagarjunasagar Srisailam 2,596   1 Maharashtra 6
2 Amrabad 2,166   2 Madhya Pradesh 6
3 Namdapha 1,808   3 Karnataka 5
4 Sunderbans 1,700 4 Tamil Nadu 5
5 Melghat 1,500 5 Chattishgarh 4
6 Satpura 1,339 6 Rajasthan 4
7 Indravati 1,258 7 Arunachal Pradesh 3
8 Similipal 1,195 8 Assam 3
9 Ranthambore 1,113 9 Telangana 2
10 Dudhwa 1,094 10 West Bengal 2
Smallest Tiger Reserves in terms of Area 11 Odisha 2
Rank Name of Tiger Reserve Core Area in km2 12 Uttar Pradesh 2
1 Orang Tiger Reserve            79 13 Kerala 2
2 Bor 138 14 Uttarakhand 2
3 Nameri 200 15 Andhra Pradesh 1
4 Rajaji TR 256 16 Bihar 1
5 Pench 257 17 Mizoram 1
6 Mudumalai 321 18 Jharkhand 1
7 Biligiri Ranganatha Temple 359 19 Assam 1

Guru Ghasidas NP & Tiger Reserve (includes Tamor Pingla WLS) (53rd Tiger Reserve)

  • In October 2021, the NTCA‘s Technical Committee has approved Chhattisgarh’s proposal to declare the combined areas of the Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary and the Guru Ghasidas National Park as a Tiger Reserve.
  • The NTCA has approved the proposal under the provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Tamor Pingla WLS and Guru Ghasidas NP — cover 608 sq km and 1,440 sq km, respectively.
  • The Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary was added to the Sarguja Jashpur Elephant Reserve in 2011.
  • In undivided Madhya Pradesh, the Guru Ghasidas National Park was a part of the Sanjay National Park.
  • Guru Ghasidas National Park is significant as the Asiatic cheetah’s last-known habitat in India.
  • The new tiger reserve provides the tigers with a corridor for the tigers to move between the Palamau (Jharkhand) and Bandhavgarh (Madhya Pradesh)
  • There is also a proposal to upgrade Bhoramdeo WLS to a Tiger Reserve.
  • Bhoramdeo connects Chhattisgarh’s Indravati Tiger Reserve with Madhya Pradesh’s Kanha Tiger Reserve.
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