PMF IAS Current Affairs
PMF IAS Current Affairs

Chhattisgarh National Parks, Tiger Reserves and Wildlife Sanctuaries

Achanakmar NP, Tiger Reserve, Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh and is a part of the Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve. It is linked by the Kanha-Achanakmar Corridor to the Kanha Tiger Reserve (MP).
  • Vegetation: Deciduous forests.
  • Major Flora: Sal and bamboo.
  • Major Fauna: Bengal tiger, leopard, gaur, chital, nilgai, four-horned antelope, chinkara, blackbuck, muntjac.

Sanjay (Guru Ghasidas) National Park, Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve

  • Located in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh, it is named after Guru Ghasidas of the Satnami sect. It lies in the Narmada Valley, and is a part of the Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve.
  • Vegetation: Dry deciduous forests. Major Flora: Sal.
  • Major Fauna: Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, spotted deer, sambar deer, wild boar, nilgai, chinkara, monitor lizard.

Indravati Tiger Reserve, National Park

  • It derives its name from the Indravati River that forms its northern boundary. It is home to one of the last remaining populations of the wild water buffalo (EN).
  • Vegetation: Tropical moist and dry deciduous forests.
  • Major Flora: Bamboo, sal and teak.
  • Major Fauna: Gaur, blackbuck, chausingha, sambar, chital, Indian muntjac, tigers, pangolins, rhesus monkeys.
  • Major Avifauna: Common (Bastar) hill myna (LC).
  • Major Reptilian Fauna: Freshwater crocodile.

Kanger Valley National Park

  • It is located in the Baster region and is home to the Bastar hill myna (LC), the state bird of Chhattisgarh. It derives its name from the Kanger River which flows through it. It has limestone caves. e.g., Kotumsar Caves.
  • Vegetation: Sal, teak and bamboo.
  • Major Fauna: Tigers, leopards, mouse deer, chital, sambar, barking deer, rhesus macaque, sloth bear.
  • Major Avifauna: Hill myna, spotted owlet, steppe eagles.
  • Major Reptilian Fauna: Freshwater crocodile.

Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve

  • Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve = Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary + Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Sitanadi River (a tributary of Mahanadi) flows through Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Udanti River (a tributary of Tel River, which is a tributary of Mahanadi) flows through Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Vegetation: Tropical dry deciduous mixed forests.
  • Major Flora: Sal trees.
  • Major Fauna: Tiger, wild water buffalo (EN), chital, sambar, four-horned antelope (chausingha), barking deer.

Wildlife Sanctuaries of Chhattisgarh

Badalkhol Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in the Ramgarh Hills.
  • It is a tiger corridor between Achanakmar TR (Chhattisgarh) & Palamau Tiger Reserve (Jharkhand).

Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is bounded by the River Mahanadi to the west and north and the Jonk River (a tributary of Mahanadi) to the east.

Bhairamgarh Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Indravati River (a tributary of Godavari) separates Indravati National Park from Bhairamgarh Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • It was set up to protect the Wild Asian Buffalo (EN).

Bhoramdev Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is a tiger corridor in Maikal Hills (eastern part of Satpura Range) between Kanha Tiger Reserve (Madhya Pradesh) and Achanakmar TR (Chhattisgarh).

Pamed Wild Buffalo Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in Dantewada district, Chhattisgarh.


  • Sukhna Lake Wildlife Sanctuary: Shivalik foothills of Chandigarh city.
  • Sarangarh-Gomardha Wildlife Sanctuary: east of Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary.
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