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Bihar National Parks, Tiger Reserves, Wildlife Sanctuaries & Ramsar Sites

National Parks Tiger Reserves Wildlife Sanctuaries of Bihar Jharkhand West Bengal Sikkim National Parks Tiger Reserves Wildlife Sanctuaries of Bihar Jharkhand West Bengal Sikkim

Valmiki National Park, Tiger Reserve, Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in the foothill ranges of Siwaliks at the Indo-Nepal border. River Gandak (called ‘Narayani’ in Nepal) forms its western boundary. It is the only National Park in Bihar.
  • Harha-Masan River system originates from the Valmiki National Park and forms Burhi Gandak River down south.
  • Vegetation: Moist deciduous, semi-evergreen, freshwater swamps, alluvial grasslands, savannah and wetlands.
  • Major Fauna: Bengal tiger, rhinoceros, Indian flying fox, black bear, sloth bear, leopard, barking deer, spotted deer, hog deer, sambar, clouded Leopard, Indian gaur.
  • ‘Tharu’, a scheduled tribe, is the dominant community.

Wildlife Sanctuaries of Bihar

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is situated south of the Ganges River, at the northern edge of Chota Nagpur Plateau and west of Santhal Pargana.

Gautam Budha Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in Bihar and Jharkhand.

Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in the eastern part of the Vindhyan Scrap Lands. It is the Bihar’s largest Wildlife Sanctuary and is a tiger corridor.

Kanwar Jheel Wildlife Sanctuary (BS) (Ramsar Site)

  • It is Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake. It is larger than the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary (Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Rajasthan).
  • Notable Avifauna: White-backed vulture (CR) & Long-billed (Indian) vulture (CR).

Udaipur Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is an oxbow lake in the floodplain of the Gandaki River.

Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is a 60 km stretch of the Ganges River from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon in Bhagalpur district, Bihar.
  • It is a protected area for India’s national aquatic animal – Gangetic dolphins (EN).

Others

  • Barela Jheel Salim Ali Bird Wildlife Sanctuary (Salim Ali-Jubba Sahni Bird Sanctuary): Natural home for migratory birds.
  • Kusheshwar Asthan Bird Wildlife Sanctuary: Close to the right bank of River Kosi (Sorrow of Bihar) and Kanwar Lake.
  • Nagi Dam Wildlife Sanctuary & Nakti Dam Wildlife Sanctuary: Bird Sanctuaries in Jamui district. They are located close to each other.
  • Pant (Rajgir) Wildlife Sanctuary: Located in the ancient city of Rajgir in Nalanda district, Bihar.

Ramsar Sites of Bihar (1)

Kanwar Taal or Kabar Taal Lake

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