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Manipur National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries & Ramsar Sites

National Parks Tiger Reserves Wildlife Sanctuaries of North East: Arunachal Pradesh Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland and Tripura

Keibul-Lamjao National Park

  • It is the only floating park in the world. It is an integral part of Loktak Lake (a Ramsar site).
  • The National Park is characterised by floating decomposed plant materials locally called phumdis.
  • It was declared a National Park to preserve the natural refuge of brow-antlered deer (also called sangai, dancing deer & Manipurs’s Eld’s deer; EN).
  • Vegetation: semi-evergreen forests, aquatic, and wetland.
  • Major Fauna: brow-antlered deer, hog deer, large Indian civet, Asian golden cat.

Wildlife Sanctuaries of Manipur

Jiri Makru

  • It is located between the tributaries of the Barak river near the Assam-Manipur border.
  • Major Fauna: Capped langur and hoolock gibbon.

Kailam

  • It is home to a variety of hornbills, including the Great Indian Hornbill.
  • Major Fauna: Hoolock gibbon, barking deer, clouded leopard.

Others

  • Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary: Barail Range.
  • Khongjaingamba Ching
  • Thinungei Bird Sanctuary: It is a floodplain. It is the first Bird Sanctuary of Manipur.
  • Yangoupokpi Lokchao: Southeast of Loktak Lake (Keibul Lamjao National Park) along the Indo-Myanmar border.
  • Zeilad: It is a group of lakes. Wildlife similar to Kailam Wildlife Sanctuary.

Ramsar Sites of Manipur (1)

Loktak Lake

  • It is the largest freshwater lake in the north-eastern region. Keibul Lamjao, the only floating national park in the world, floats over it. Thick, floating mats of weeds covered with soil (phumids) are a characteristic feature.
  • It is included on the Montreux Record in 1993 as a result of ecological problems such as deforestation in the catchment area, infestation of water hyacinth, and pollution.
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