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  • Context (DTE): The Olive Ridley sea turtle’s anticipated mass nestings in Rushikulya River mouth, Odisha, due to conducive climate and beach conditions.

Olive Ridley Turtles

  • Olive Ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) is the second-smallest and most abundant sea turtle globally.
  • They are known for unique arribadas (synchronised mass nestings), where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.

Olive Ridley Turtles

Physical Characteristics

  • Males and females grow to the same size, but females have a slightly more rounded carapace.
  • The carapace is heart-shaped and rounded, giving it the common name “olive ridley.”
  • Hatchlings are dark grey, appearing black when wet.

Distribution

  • They are found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans and warm areas of the Atlantic Ocean.
  • The Gahirmatha Beach of Odisha (India) is the most significant breeding ground for these turtles.

Olive Ridley Turtle distribution

Diet

  • They are carnivorous, especially in the immature stages of their lifecycle.

Ecological Significance

  • Mass nesting influences beach ecosystems and maintains population dynamics.

Conservation Status

  • Threats: Unsustainable egg collection, slaughtering on the beach, boat collisions, marine debris, natural disasters, climate change, & beach erosion.
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