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Pulikulam Cattle

  • Context (DTE): Interest in indigenous cattle breeds like the Pulikulam is reviving.
  • The cattle originated from Pulikulam, a village located in Sivaganga district of Tamil Nadu.
  • The Pulikulam is a popular draught and game breed of Tamil Nadu.
  • Cows are poor milkers, and milk yield ranges from 0.5 to 3 kg per day with an average yield of about 1.25 kg per day.
  • They are reared for draught and organic agricultural production, especially of spices.
  • Pulikulam bulls faced the risk of slaughter after the jallikattu ban. With the ban lifted, there is now growing interest in indigenous breeds like the Pulikulam.

    Pulikulam cattle

Indigenous cattle breeds


Indigenous Cattle

Maharashtra Killari
Karnataka Amrit Mahal, Hallikar,Deoni.
Tamil Nadu Bargur, Umbalachery, Alambadi, Pulikulam, Kangayam
Rajasthan Sahiwal Cow
Gujarat Kankrej
Andhra Pradesh Ongole,Punganur (Dwarf breed)

National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR)

  • NBAGR is a constituent unit of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, an autonomous body under the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare.
  • The establishment of the National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources was approved during the 4th Five-Year Plan.
  • The institute is located on the campus of the National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal.
  • It aims to protect and conserve indigenous farm animal genetic resources for sustainable utilization and livelihood security.
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