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Northern Green Anaconda

  • Context (DTE): Research has unveiled the existence of two genetically distinct species within the Anaconda family.
  • The two distinct species are- the southern green anaconda (Eunectes murinus) and the newly identified northern green anaconda (Eunectes Nakajima).
  • Despite their similar appearances, these species exhibit a staggering 5.5% genetic difference, indicative of their evolutionary divergence nearly 10 million years ago.
  • It is the largest, heaviest, and second-longest snake (after the reticulated python) in the world.
  • Characteristics:
    • Size and Adaptations: Their nostrils and eyes positioned atop their heads enable breathing and vision while submerged.
    • Physical Description: Olive-colored with large black spots blend seamlessly into lush Amazonian habitats.
    • Habitat and Prey: Green anacondas predominantly inhabit South America’s Amazon and Orinoco basins, preying on a diverse range of animals, including capybaras, caimans, and deer.
    • Predatory Behavior: Utilizes their large, flexible jaws, anacondas immobilise and consume prey without venom, relying on suffocation and swallowing techniques.
  • Conservation Status: IUCN: Least Concern | CITES: Appendix II

A snake coiled up on a rock Description automatically generated

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