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  • Context (PIB): PM pays tribute to Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji on Prakash Utsav.
  • Guru Gobind Singh Ji (Jan 5, 1667 – 21 Oct, 1708), born as “Gobind Das” at Patna Sahib, Bihar.
  • He was the tenth and last of the human form Gurus of Sikhism.
  • He was son of Guru Tegh Bahadur (the 9th Guru) and Mata Gujri.
  • In 1675, his father was killed by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb for refusing to adopt Islam.
  • His birthplace in Patna is now famous as Takhat Shri Harimander Ji Patna Sahib.
  • He fought twelve battles and the Guru’s four sons (Char Sahib Zaday) were killed in campaigns against tyranny. The Char Sahib Zaday were:
    1. Baba Ajit Singh
    2. Baba Jujhar Singh
    3. Baba Zorawar Singh
    4. Baba Fateh Singh
  • Vichitra Katha is the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh.
  • Veer Bal Diwas is celebrated to mark the martyrdom of the sons of Shri Guru Gobind Singh: Sahibzada Baba Zorawar Singh and Baba Fateh Singh.

His Contributions

  • He was a divine messenger, a warrior, a poet, and a philosopher and wrote martial poetry & music.
  • He also compiled Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism.
  • He is also credited for the Dasam Granth (Tenth Volume) which consists of hymns that are a sacred part of Sikh prayers.
  • He created the Khalsa Order or saint-soldiers in 1699.
  • He introduced the five Ks to the community.

Five K's of Sikhism

  • He introduced turban in Sikhism to cover hair.
  • Before he died in 1708, he declared Guru Granth Sahib to be the permanent Sikh Guru.
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