PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad
PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad

Koya Tribe Help Conserve Indian Bison

  • Context (TH): The Koyas of Papikonda Hills switched from Bison horns to palm leaves for their traditional flute, Permakore, as a conservation measure for the Indian Bison of Eastern ghats.

Indian Bison (Bos gaurus)

  • Indian bison (or Gaur) is the largest among the wild cattle and the bovids (mammals with cloven hoofs and unbranched hollow horns).
  • The domesticated form of the gaur is called Gayal or Mithun.
  • Distribution: It is native to South, Southeast, and East Asia. In India, it is found in parts of the Himalayan foothills, NE India, Eastern Ghats, and Western Ghats.
  • It is an attraction of Wayanad, Nagarhole, Mudumalai, and Bandipur national parks.
  • Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary in Tripura is India’s only natural breeding centre for bison.
  • Habitat: It is found in evergreen, semi-evergreen, moist deciduous and dry deciduous forests.
  • Threats: Habitat loss, hunting, invasive species and diseases.
  • Conservation status: IUCN: VU | CITES: Appendix I | WPA: Schedule I

Indian Bison

Koya Tribe

  • Koya tribe is found in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, and Odisha.
  • Traditionally, Koyas were soldiers of the palegars (feudal lords) and practised podu cultivation.
  • Today, Koyas are mainly settled cultivators and artisans.

Papikonda Hills

  • The Papikondalu hills of Andhra Pradesh are also known as the ‘Bison Hill range’.
  • In 1978, a section of the hill range was declared a sanctuary, with the Indian Bison as its megafauna.
  • The Papikonda National Park was declared in 2008.
  • The Polavaram irrigation project and clearing forest for Podu cultivation threatens the park.

Papikonda National Park

Sharing is Caring !!

Newsletter Updates

Subscribe to our newsletter and never miss an important update!

Assured Discounts on our New Products!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Newsletter

Never miss an important update!