PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad
PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad
  • Context (IE): The Ram Mandir consecration ceremony took place in Ayodhya.
  • It is seen as the result of a decades-long Ram Janmabhoomi Movement.

Evolution of Movement

Medieval Period

  • Marathas demanded Ayodhya, Kashi and Mathura from the Nawab of Awadh in 1751 and 1756.
  • Later, with defeat in the third battle of Panipat (1761), the Marathas become irrelevant.

British Period

  • First judicial submission: Hafizullah in Faridabad court (1822) submitted the presence of a mosque built by Babar on the birthplace of Lord Ram, near Sita Rasoi.
  • During British Rule, a railing separated the places of worship and separated the Mosque and a platform for Hindus.
  • Hanumangarhi Riots (1855): As per Major General GD Outram’s report to Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, “Hindus led by Naga Sadhus and Bairagis secured Janamsthan and Hanuman Garhi, after a clash between Hindus and army led by Shah Ghulam Hussein.
  • 1856 Attack: Hadiga-I-Shuhuda, written by Mirza Jan, records an attack on the Ram Janmabhoomi by Amir Ali Amethawi in 1856, but British troops killed the attacker.
  • 1858 FIR: Mohammad Salim filed an FIR against Nihang Sikhs for installing the Nishan Sahib, performing a havana, and writing ‘Ram’ inside the Babri Masjid.
  • 1885: Mahant of Janmasthan Raghubar Das sought court permission to build a temple at the Ram Chabutra near the Babri Masjid but within the complex, but it was dismissed.

Post Independence Period

  • 1949 Petition: The UP government received a petition for temple construction. The Faizabad administration reported that the land belonged to the government.
  • Hindu Mahasabha Resolution 1949: It called for the ‘liberation’ of Ram Janmabhoomi at Ayodhya, Krishna Janmabhoomi at Mathura and Vishwanath at Kashi.
  • Idol in mosque: On December 22-23, 1949, the idol of Ram Lalla was supposedly placed in the mosque by Abhiram Das (born Abhinandan Mishra and later became ascetic as per Liberhan Commission).
  • Failed attempts to remove the idol: Then PM Jawahar Lal Nehru directed to remove the idol. District magistrates and local MLAs declined to follow.
  • Acquisition by Municipal body occurred later with Ram idol inside.
  • Demand for restoration of Ayodhya: Former UP minister Dau Dayal Khanna demanded the restoration of Ayodhya, Kashi and Mathura to the Hindus from the Indira Gandhi government.
  • Vishwa Hindu Parishad Dharma Sansad 1984 reiterated the demand for liberation, forming “Ram Janmabhoomi Mukti Yagna Samiti”.
  • Opening of locks, December 1986: Faizabad district judge KM Pandey ordered the opening of the locks of the Babri Masjid and permitted Hindus to offer prayers therein.
  • February 1986: All-India Muslim Personal Board meeting in Delhi urged parties to support their demand for the handover of Babri Masjid to Muslims.
  • February 3, 1986: Hashim Ansari (On behalf of the Sunni Waqf Board) moved to Allahabad High Court against the Faizabad court decision seeking possession of Babri mosque.
  • February 1986: The Babri Masjid Action Committee was formed in Lucknow.
  • Later, in December 1986, the All-India Babri Masjid Conference was held under the leadership of Syed Shahabuddin, creating the Babri Masjid Movement Coordination Committee (BMMCC).
  • Shilanyas movement 1989: It was launched by VHP, gathering consecrated bricks (Ram Shila) from all over the country. The government allowed it.
  • November 10, 1989, was decided to be the day for the Shilanyas.
  • Palampur resolution 1989: It called for a negotiated settlement or legislation without court interference on the land.
  • November 9, 1989: The foundation-laying ceremony was held, and Kameshwar Chaupal, a Dalit, laid the first Ram Shila.
  • Rath Yatra 1990 from Somnath to Ayodhya was carried out with violence and police killings at many places.
  • Demolition Day 1992: A mob demolished the Babri Masjid, and the UP government was dismissed.
  • Acquisition of Certain Areas at Ayodhya Act 1993: It gave the government the authority to acquire 67.03 acres of the disputed Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land.
  • Presidential reference under Article 143 (1) of the Constitution to determine to determine the old status of the temple was also raised.
  • Justice Liberhan Commission Report 2009: It indicated demolition was not spontaneous. Consequently, a case was registered against the leaders. Later, they were acquitted.
  • Allahabad High Court Judgement 2010: It divided the land in a 2:1 ratio to Shri Ram Lala Virajman and Nirmohi Akhara and Sunni Central Waqf Board, respectively. Later, it was challenged in the Supreme Court.

Ram mandir movement

  • Supreme Court Judgement 2019: A five-judge bench of the Supreme Court unanimously awarded the entire disputed land to the Hindu petitioners for a Ram temple at Ayodhya. It also directed the allotting of alternate land for the mosque.
  • Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra Trust was formed following the judgement to carry out the construction.
Sharing is Caring !!

Newsletter Updates

Subscribe to our newsletter and never miss an important update!

Assured Discounts on our New Products!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Never miss an important update!