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Shebaa Farms: Claimed By Israel, Lebanon and Syria

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Shebaa Farms

  • Context (TH): Hezbollah attacked Shebaa Farms “in solidarity” with the Palestinian people.
  • The Shebaa Farms are a small strip of land at the intersection of the Lebanese-Syrian border and the Golan Heights (Israeli-occupied).

Israel-Lebanon Shebaa Farms

  • Lebanon and Israel claim it. Currently, it is occupied by Israel.
    • Lebanon believes that it is a part of Lebanon.
    • Israel believes it is part of the Golan Heights, which they control.
  • According to the UN, there is no evidence of the Shebaa Farms being Lebanese.
  • However, the UN suggests keeping the current borders as they are until the future agreement.

Historical Background

  • France ruled over Syria and Lebanon from the 1920s to 1940s.
  • The French located the Shebaa Farms within Syrian territory.
  • However, the residents of Shebaa Farms continued to be considered Lebanese.
  • After both countries became independent, they did not demarcate the border to reflect reality.

After 1950

  • In the early 1950s, Syria took control of the region surrounding the Shebaa farms.
  • Lebanese of the Shebaa farms continued to have access to their land despite the Syrian presence.
  • Israel captured Lebanon in the 1967 Six-Day War along with Golan Heights.
  • In 1981, the Golan Heights, including the Shebaa Farms, were annexed by Israel.
  • In 2000, Israel withdrew from Lebanon but not from Shebaa Farms.
  • The Lebanese government and Hezbollah still consider the withdrawal incomplete until Israel withdraws from Shebaa Farms.

Israel Palestine Gaza West Bank

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