PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad
PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad

Indo-Myanmar Border, Free Movement Regime (FMR)

Subscribe to Never Miss an Important Update! Assured Discounts on New Products!

Must Join Our Telegram Channel

Must Have Books For UPSC CSE

Indo-Myanmar Border

India Myanmar Border km Four Indian States

  • Context (TH): An advanced smart fencing system of 100 km along the Myanmar border is being planned to strengthen the existing surveillance system.
  • Indo-Myanmar Border (IMB) is a 1,643 km long border between Myanmar and four Indian states, namely Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • A Free Movement Regime (FMR) exists between India and Myanmar.
  • Manipur CM urged the GoI to cancel the Free Movement Regime (FMR) along Myanmar.
  • The absence of fencing and uncontrolled migration from Myanmar are identified as contributing factors to ethnic violence in Manipur.

Free Movement Regime (FMR)

  • The FMR is a mutually agreed arrangement between India and Myanmar that allows tribes living along the border on either side to travel up to 16 km inside the other country without a visa.
  • It was implemented in 2018 as part of the GoI’s Act East policy.
  • The Manipur government has suspended the FMR since 2020, post-COVID-19 pandemic.
  • As the crisis in Myanmar escalated, GoI suspended the FMR in September 2022.

Why was FMR started?

  • The British demarcated the border between India and Myanmar in 1826.
  • The British did not seek the people’s opinion in the region.
  • The border effectively divided people of the same ethnicity and culture into two nations.
  • FMR was conceptualised:
    • To facilitate people-to-people contact.
    • To provide impetus to local trade and business.

FMR and illegal migration

  • The FMR has been criticised for aiding illegal immigration, drug trafficking, and gun running.
  • Since the military coup in Myanmar in 2021, the junta has launched a campaign of persecution against the Kuki-Chin people. This has pushed many of Myanmar’s tribals into India.

Way forward

  • Most experts agree that the FMR needs better regulation. Given the interests of the local population, neither the complete removal of the FMR nor full border fencing may be desirable.
Sharing is Caring !!

Newsletter Updates

Subscribe to our newsletter and never miss an important update!

Assured Discounts on our New Products!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Newsletter

Never miss an important update!