PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad
PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad

Circular Migration, Circular Migration in India

Circular migration

  • Context (TH): Circular migration is characterised by individuals moving between their country of origin and a destination country temporarily in response to employment opportunities.
  • This phenomenon is predominantly observed among low-income groups seeking seasonal employment in various locations.

Evolution of Circular Migration

  • Circular migration gained prominence in the 1960s and 1970s with the rise of globalisation.
  • Improved transportation and communication, the expansion of social networks, and the growth of multinational corporations boosted the circular migration phenomenon.

Circular Migration

Effect of Circular Migration on the Economy

  • For a country of origin, circular migration can lead to the flow of remittances, boosting the domestic economy. However, it may also result in brain drain.
  • For destination countries, circular migration can help fill low-income, low-skill job gaps. Yet, it can also lead to concerns and cultural conflicts among host populations.

Circular Migration in India

  • In India, internal migration has historically followed circular patterns.
  • The movement of rural populations to urban areas for employment in manufacturing, construction, and services sectors has been common.
  • The uneven development post-liberalization has led to significant inter-state migration, with some states like West Bengal, Odisha, and Bihar witnessing high out-migration rates.

Challenges for Circular Migrants in India

  • Circular migrants in India often face exploitation and work in unsafe conditions.
  • Language barriers in destination states pose additional challenges.
  • Migrants are at the mercy of middlemen or brokers and are subject to precarious, seasonal, and irregular employment.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted their vulnerability as many migrants embarked on long journeys back to their hometowns during lockdowns.

Policy Recommendations to address the issue of Migrants

  • Harmonize Labor Laws to provide equal protection to all workers.
  • Social Security and Health Benefits to migrants, ensuring their well-being.
  • Portability of State-Provided Benefits, especially food provided through PDS.
  • Skill Development Programs to enhance their employability and income potential.
  • Data Collection and Research on migration patterns to inform policy-making.
  • Affordable Housing and basic amenities in urban areas
  • Legal framework to Protect Migrant Rights

For more info on Migration: PMFIAS NCERT Human Geography Class 11-12 CH.3 Migration

Sharing is Caring !!

Newsletter Updates

Subscribe to our newsletter and never miss an important update!

Assured Discounts on our New Products!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Never miss an important update!