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National Framework for Climate Services (NFCS)

National Framework for Climate Services (NFCS)

  • Context (TH): India will launch its maiden national-level framework, the National Framework for Climate Services (NFCS), to provide climate services and information.
  • Led by the India Meteorological Department (Ministry of Earth Sciences), the NFCS will aim to mitigate climate risks for key sectors: agriculture, energy, disaster management, health, and water.

Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS)

Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS)

  • NFCS is based on the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS).
  • GFCS is a partnership of governments and organisations at a global level for enhanced climate information and service production and utilisation.
  • Aim of GFCS: to unite climate information users and researchers for informed, actionable decisions and long-term improvement.
  • Its establishment was announced during the 3rd World Climate Conference, Geneva (2009).
  • GFCS focuses on developing and delivering services in five priority areas:
    1. Agriculture and Food Security
    2. Disaster Risk Reduction
    3. Energy
    4. Health
    5. Water

Role of NFCS

  • In lines with the GFCS, the NFCS is based on country-specific weather and stakeholder needs.
  • Unlike GFCS, the nodal agency for formulation and implementation of NFCS in India will be IMD.
  • Initially, NFCS will bridge gaps between agencies needing climate services. These include hydrology, power, renewable energy, transport, dams, irrigation, and health agencies.

Benefits of NFCS

  • Systematic and accurate collection, analysis, and management of data for informed decision-making
  • Resilience building through early warnings and climate predictions
  • Optimized resource allocation, adaptation and mitigation strategies
  • Improved response to climate-related health risks and emergencies
  • Capacity building through cross-sectoral integration
  • Countries that have launched the NFCS are Switzerland, China, Germany and the UK.
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