PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad
PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad

Jayprakash Narayan

  • Context (TH): Jayaprakash Narayan (Lok Nayak) was an independence activist, socialist and political leader.
  • He was the founder and general secretary of the Congress Socialist Party and the Socialist Party.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru invited him to join his government, but he declined.
  • After 1955, he quit active politics and joined the Bhoodan movement.
  • He became the symbol of opposition to Emergency and was the moving force behind the formation of the Janata Party.

Jayaprakash Narayan’s Role in the Restoration of Democracy

  • Jayaprakash Narayan organised a massive demonstration in Delhi’s Ramlila grounds on 25 June 1975 for Indira Gandhi’s resignation.
  • He announced a nationwide satyagraha and asked the army, the police, and government employees not to obey “illegal and immoral orders”.
  • In response, GoI invoked Article 352 of IC and declared an emergency on the grounds of internal disturbance.
  • After the emergency, the Janta party formed a government, and JP became the popular symbol of the restoration of democracy.

Congress Socialist Party (CSP)

  • The Congress Socialist Party (CSP) was formed within the Congress in 1934 by young leaders who wanted a more radical and egalitarian Congress.
  • In 1948, the Congress amended its constitution to prevent its members from having a dual-party membership. This forced the Socialists to form a separate Socialist Party in 1948.
Sharing is Caring !!

Newsletter Updates

Subscribe to our newsletter and never miss an important update!

Assured Discounts on our New Products!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Never miss an important update!