PMF IAS Current Affairs
PMF IAS Current Affairs
  • Context (PIB): The Indian Coast Guard ship Samudra Paheredar arrived at Manila Bay, Philippines, to demonstrate ICG Marine Pollution Response capabilities.
  • The ICG ship is on an overseas deployment to ASEAN countries, including the Philippines, Vietnam, and Brunei. It marks the 3rd consecutive deployment by the ICG to ASEAN countries.
  • Additionally, 25 National Cadet Corps (NCC) cadets participate in the “Puneet Sagar Abhiyan initiative during the visit.

ICGS Samudra Paheredar

  • ICGS Samudra Paheredar is a specialized Pollution Control Vessel (PCV) dedicated to environmental protection and pollution response at sea.
  • It is the 2nd PCV of India, commissioned in 2012 following ICGS Samudra Prahari.
  • The vessel was indigenously built by ABG Shipyard, located in Surat, Gujarat.
  • The ship is stationed on the East Coast of India in Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
  • The ship measures 94.10 meters in length and has a maximum displacement of 4,300 tons.
  • It is powered by 3,000-kilowatt twin diesel engines, augmented by twin shaft generators, enabling it to achieve a maximum speed of 21 knots.
  • At economical speed, the vessel has an impressive endurance of 6,500 nautical miles and can remain at sea for up to 20 days.
  • It boasts a substantial storage capacity of 502 kilolitres, facilitating efficient oil-recovery operations.
  • ICGS Samudra Paheredar is capable of operating one twin-engine ALH/Chetak helicopter, enhancing its operational capabilities and versatility.

Chetak Helicopter

  • Also known as the HAL Chetak, serves as a high-performance, all-weather utility helicopter.
  • Originally manufactured in France, it was later produced under license by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in India.
  • Range: Can cover up to 500 km.
  • Top Speed: Reaches a maximum speed of 185 km per hour.
  • Capacity: Accommodates 7 people, including 2 pilots.

Indian Coast Guard (ICG)

  • Formally established in 1978 by the Coast Guard Act 1978.
  • Operates under the Ministry of Defence.
  • Headed by the Director General Indian Coast Guard (DGICG).
  • Mission: Safeguarding India’s maritime interests and enforcing maritime law.
  • Jurisdiction: Covers India’s territorial waters, contiguous zone, and exclusive economic zone.
  • Roles: Search and rescue operations, maritime law enforcement, pollution control, marine environmental protection, and coastal security.

Puneet Sagar Abhiyan

  • The National Cadet Corps (NCC) initiated the Puneet Sagar Abhiyan in 2021.
  • The primary objective is to clean up plastic and other waste materials from water bodies, including seashores, beaches, rivers, and lakes.
  • The campaign, which started as a 1-month initiative, gained substantial traction, prompting its extension as a year-round Pan-India campaign.

National Cadet Corps (NCC)

  • It is the youth wing of the Indian Armed Forces, headquartered in New Delhi.
  • The NCC’s aims, established in 1988, focus on character development, comradeship, discipline, a secular outlook, and a patriotic spirit.It operates on a voluntary basis and includes school and college students.
  • As a Tri-Services Organization, it encompasses the Army, Navy, and Air Force.
  • Cadets receive basic military training, including small arms handling and drill exercises.
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