PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad
PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad
Table of contents
  • Context (HT): Climate change is increasing the disappearance of the Aral Sea.
  • The Aral Sea is an endorheic lake (lake with no outlet) located in the heart of Central Asia, roughly 200 miles east of the Caspian Sea.Aral Sea Map
  • It is bordered by Kazakhstan on the north and Uzbekistan on the south.
  • It was formerly a large saltwater lake.
  • Once the fourth largest body of inland water in the world, it lost almost three-quarters of its volume and approximately half of its area.
  • It has receded into three separate lakes: the Greater Sea had divided into a long, narrow, western lake and a larger, broader, eastern lake, with the remains of the Lesser Sea to the north.
  • Reasons: The drying up of the Aral Sea resulted mainly from the overuse of its two main tributaries—the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya—for irrigation.

Impacts of drying of Aral Sea

  • Drying up of the lake caused salt concentrations of the remaining water to rise drastically which killed off the once-abundant supplies of freshwater fish & devastated regional fishing industry.
  • Salt and residues became airborne as dust storms blew the pollutants as far away as the Himalayas.
  • Annual precipitation, already low, dropped even more.
  • Winters became longer & colder, and summers hotter & shorter, affecting the growing season.

Shrinking of Aral Sea

Sharing is Caring !!

Newsletter Updates

Subscribe to our newsletter and never miss an important update!

Assured Discounts on our New Products!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Never miss an important update!