Distribution of Coal across the World

PMF IAS Environment

Distribution of Coal across the World – Global Coal Reserves – Top Producers and Consumers of Coal in the World – Distribution of Coal in USA – Distribution of Coal in China.

Distribution of Coal across the World

  • Most of the Russia’s coal in Siberian Region is untapped.
  • Carboniferous coal of Great Lakes and Appalachians region helped USA become a leading industrialized nation.
  • Coal reserves in Ruhr and Rhineland region coupled with rich iron deposits have made Germany a leading industrial super power of Europe.
  • England too benefited immensely from its coal reserves of South Whales, Yorkshire, Manchester, Liverpool etc. Industrial revolution began here mainly due to rich coal reserves.
  • Brazil is a leading coal producer in South America. Most of the coal goes into power generation. Excess production is exported to China.
  • Australia is a leading producer of coal. Most of its coal is exported to China, Japan etc. Australia has rick coking coal deposits. India imports coking coal mainly from Australia.
  • China’s coal is of poor quality. It imports metallurgical grade coal from Australia.
  • South Africa is the only region in Africa with significant amount of coal reserves.

Distribution of Coal across the World

Global Coal Reserves

Global Coal Reserves

Top Producers and Consumers of Coal in the World

Top Producers and Consumers of Coal in the World

Distribution of Coal in USA

  • World’s second biggest coal producing country.
  • World’s second biggest coal consumer [China first].
  • 37% of the country’s electricity generation come from coal.
  • Coal mining occurs in 25 states of which Wyoming, West Virginia, Kentucky, Pennsylvania and Texas are the biggest coal producers.
  • The North Antelope ROCHELLE COAL MINE located in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming is the world’s biggest coal mine
  • Allegheny Mountains and Appalachian Mountains have enormous coal deposits.
  • Most coal now produced in the United States is mined in western surface mines, especially in Wyoming’s Powder River Basin.

Distribution of Coal in USA

Distribution of Coal in China

  • World’s third biggest coal reserves.
  • Largest producer and consumer of coal in the world.
  • Largest user of coal-derived electricity [68.7%].
  • Industry hugely dependent on Coal.
  • Photochemical smog == Intensifying environmental concerns all over China due to coal burning.
Primary References: NCERT Geography, Wikipedia, Spectrum Geography Amazon — Flipkart
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