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Protection of Black Tiger

  • Context (PIB): Black tigers have been recorded only in the Similipal Tiger Reserve in Odisha.
  • A black tiger is a melanistic colour variant of the tiger.
  • It is not a distinct species or geographic subspecies.

Simlipal Biosphere Reserve, National Park, Tiger Reserve

  • Located in the Eastern Ghats, it is listed in the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves.
  • It lies within two biogeographical regions:
    1. Mahanadian coastal region of the Oriental realm
    2. Chhotanagpur biotic province of the Deccan peninsular zone
  • Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve = Similipal Tiger Reserve + Hadgarh + Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Vegetation: Moist and dry deciduous forests and grasslands.
  • Major Fauna: Bengal tigers, wild elephants, gaurs (Indian bison), chausingha.
  • Major Avifauna: Hill myna and crested serpent eagle.

Biosphere Reserves

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