Manganese Ore Distribution across India & World

PMF IAS Current Affairs


  • Manganese is not found as a free element in nature.
  • It is often found in combination with iron.
  • The most important manganese ore is pyrolusite.
  • Manganese is primarily used in iron and steel industry.
  • It is the basic raw material for manufacturing steel alloys.
  • 6 kilograms of manganese ore is required for manufacturing one tonne of steel.
  • It  is also used in the manufacturing of bleaching powder, insecticides, paints, and batteries.

Manganese - pyrolusite

Manganese Ore Distribution in India

  • India processes second largest reserves in the world after Zimbabwe; 430 million tonnes
  • India is the world’s fifth largest producer after China, Gabon, South Africa and Australia.
  • Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka are the major manganese ore producing states.
  • Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh together produce more than half of India’s manganese

State wise reserves of Manganese

  • Odisha (44%),
  • Karnataka (22%),
  • Madhya Pradesh (13%),
  • Maharashtra (8%),
  • Andhra Pradesh (4%)
  • Jharkhand and Goa (3% each),
  • Rajasthan, Gujarat and West Bengal (remaining 3 per cent).

Manganese Ore Distribution in India


  • Produces about 27.66 per cent of Indian manganese.
  • The main belt is in Nagpur and Bhandara districts.
  • High grade ore is found in Ratnagiri district also.

Madhya Pradesh

  • Produces about 27.59 per cent of India’s manganese ore.
  • The main belt extends in Balaghat and Chhindwara districts.
  • It is just an extension of the Nagpur Bhandara belt of Maharashtra.


  • 24 per cent production. [1st in reserves but 3rd in prduction]
  • Gondite [regional names] deposits occur in Sundargarh district and Kodurite and Khondolite deposits in Kalahandi and Koraput Districts.
  • Manganese is also mined from the lateritic deposits in Bolangir and Sambalpur districts

Andhra Pradesh

  • 13% of India’s manganese production.
  • Srikakulam and Vishakhapatnam districts.
  • Srikakulam district has the distinction of being the earliest producer (1892) of manganese ore in India.
  • Cuddapah, Vijayanagaram and Guntur are other manganese producing districts.


  • 6 per cent of India’s manganese.
  • Uttara Kannada, Shimoga, Bellary, Chitradurg and Tumkur districts.

Other producers

  • Goa,
  • Panchmahals and Vadodara in Gujarat,
  • Udaipur and Banswara in Rajasthan and
  • Singhbhum and Dhanbad districts in Jharkhand are other producers of manganese.

Export of Manganese

  • Four-fifths of the total production is consumed domestically.
  • Exports constantly decreasing due to increasing domestic demand.
  • Japan is the largest buyer of Indian manganese.
  • The other buyers are the USA, UK, Germany, France, Norway.

World Manganese Ore Distribution

World Manganese Ore Distribution

Primary References: NCERT Geography, Indian Geography by Kullar [Amazon and Flipkart], Wikipedia

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  1. In the world map, You have completely shown PoK in Pakistan, it’s unaccepting that those preparing us for Civil Services exam of India, is not concerning India’s National Interests..

  2. I am looking for buyers of high grade manganese ore of 46 to 48 % mn from mozambique and zimbabwe on FOB basis against 100%Letter of credits.
    Contact -Nagaraju
    Mob and whattsapp -+919500946475

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