Manganese Ore Distribution across India & World

PMF IAS Current Affairs

Manganese

  • Manganese is not found as a free element in nature.
  • It is often found in combination with iron.
  • The most important manganese ore is pyrolusite.
  • Manganese is primarily used in iron and steel industry.
  • It is the basic raw material for manufacturing steel alloys.
  • 6 kilograms of manganese ore is required for manufacturing one tonne of steel.
  • It  is also used in the manufacturing of bleaching powder, insecticides, paints, and batteries.

Manganese - pyrolusite

Manganese Ore Distribution in India

  • India processes second largest reserves in the world after Zimbabwe; 430 million tonnes
  • India is the world’s fifth largest producer after China, Gabon, South Africa and Australia.
  • Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka are the major manganese ore producing states.
  • Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh together produce more than half of India’s manganese

State wise reserves of Manganese

  • Odisha (44%),
  • Karnataka (22%),
  • Madhya Pradesh (13%),
  • Maharashtra (8%),
  • Andhra Pradesh (4%)
  • Jharkhand and Goa (3% each),
  • Rajasthan, Gujarat and West Bengal (remaining 3 per cent).

Manganese Ore Distribution in India

Maharashtra

  • Produces about 27.66 per cent of Indian manganese.
  • The main belt is in Nagpur and Bhandara districts.
  • High grade ore is found in Ratnagiri district also.

Madhya Pradesh

  • Produces about 27.59 per cent of India’s manganese ore.
  • The main belt extends in Balaghat and Chhindwara districts.
  • It is just an extension of the Nagpur Bhandara belt of Maharashtra.

Odisha

  • 24 per cent production. [1st in reserves but 3rd in prduction]
  • Gondite [regional names] deposits occur in Sundargarh district and Kodurite and Khondolite deposits in Kalahandi and Koraput Districts.
  • Manganese is also mined from the lateritic deposits in Bolangir and Sambalpur districts

Andhra Pradesh

  • 13% of India’s manganese production.
  • Srikakulam and Vishakhapatnam districts.
  • Srikakulam district has the distinction of being the earliest producer (1892) of manganese ore in India.
  • Cuddapah, Vijayanagaram and Guntur are other manganese producing districts.

Karnataka

  • 6 per cent of India’s manganese.
  • Uttara Kannada, Shimoga, Bellary, Chitradurg and Tumkur districts.

Other producers

  • Goa,
  • Panchmahals and Vadodara in Gujarat,
  • Udaipur and Banswara in Rajasthan and
  • Singhbhum and Dhanbad districts in Jharkhand are other producers of manganese.

Export of Manganese

  • Four-fifths of the total production is consumed domestically.
  • Exports constantly decreasing due to increasing domestic demand.
  • Japan is the largest buyer of Indian manganese.
  • The other buyers are the USA, UK, Germany, France, Norway.

World Manganese Ore Distribution

World Manganese Ore Distribution

Primary References: NCERT Geography, Indian Geography by Kullar [Amazon and Flipkart], Wikipedia

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8 Comments

  1. In the world map, You have completely shown PoK in Pakistan, it’s unaccepting that those preparing us for Civil Services exam of India, is not concerning India’s National Interests..

  2. I am looking for buyers of high grade manganese ore of 46 to 48 % mn from mozambique and zimbabwe on FOB basis against 100%Letter of credits.
    Contact -Nagaraju
    Mob and whattsapp -+919500946475

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