Black Necked Crane (Grus nigricollis)

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Black Necked Crane

  • Black-necked crane is a medium-sized crane that is native to Asia and endemic to Tibetan Plateau.
  • It is a large, wading bird with long legs and neck. Despite their lack of webbed feet, they are excellent swimmers.
  • It is the only exclusively alpine species among the 15 species of cranes in the world.
  • This species is found in India, China and Bhutan and breeds in high altitude wetlands in the Tibetan plateau at elevations.
  • A small wintering population is also found in Sangti and Zimithang valleys of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Diet: Black-necked cranes are omnivorous, and they enjoy eating plant roots, tubers, snails, shrimp, and other small vertebrates and invertebrates.
  • Conservation Status: IUCN: Near Threatened | WPA, 1972: Schedule I | CITES: Appendix I
  • The bird is revered by the Monpa Community (major Buddhist ethnic group of Arunachal Pradesh) as an embodiment of the sixth Dalai Lama (Tsangyang Gyatso).
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