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  • Context (PIB): GoI has taken several steps to strengthen the supply chain and market linkages of tribal cooperatives through Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED).


  • It was established in 1987 under the Multi-State Cooperative Societies Act, 1984.
  • It is a national-level apex organization functioning under the administrative control of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MTA).
  • Its basic mandate is to bring about the socio-economic development of tribal people of the country.

Activities Undertaken by TRIFED

  • It helps in the marketing of tribal produce/products through strengthening the supply chain and providing market linkages.
  • It aids in the implementation of schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Janjatiya Vikas Mission (PMJVM) scheme, VanDhan Vikas Karyakram, haat bazaars etc.
  • TRIFED is a nodal agency for implementing the MSP for Minor Forest Produce (MFP).

Minor Forest Produce (MFP)

  • The forest dwellers are legally empowered with the ownership and governance of the MFP through the PESA (Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act-1996, and the Forest Rights Act (FRA)-2006.
  • MFP includes all non-timber forest produce of plant origin including bamboo, brushwood, stumps, cane, tussar, cocoons, honey, wax, lac, tendu or kendu leaves, medicinal plants and herbs, roots, tubers and the like.
  • FRA 2006, entitles tribals with the “right of ownership, access to collect, use and dispose of minor forest produce which has been traditionally collected within or outside village boundaries”.
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