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Srinivasa Ramanujan

  • Context (IE): National Mathematics Day has been celebrated annually on 22nd December to mark the birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan since 2012.

Srinivasa Ramanujan

  • He was born on 22nd December 1887 in Erode, Tamil Nadu.
  • In 1903, he secured a scholarship to the University of Madras but lost it due to failing in other subjects.
  • In 1911, Ramanujan published the first of his papers in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society.
  • His correspondence with British Mathematician G.H. Hardy led to a special scholarship from the University of Madras and a grant from Trinity College, Cambridge.
  • He was elected to the Royal Society of London in 1918.
  • Ramanujan was the first Indian elected a Trinity College, Cambridge University Fellow.

Legacy of Ramanujan

  • Ramanujan compiled results of various equations & identities. The infinite series for Pi is one of them.
  • He developed new ways to solve many challenging mathematical problems, leading to the evolution of game theory.
  • 1729 is known as the Ramanujan number, the smallest number that can be expressed as the sum of two different cubes in two different ways.
  • “The Man Who Knew Infinity” is a biography and a movie on the life of Ramanujan.

Awards in Mathematics

  • The Fields Medal is awarded to mathematicians under 40 by the International Mathematical Union (IMU) every four years. It is regarded as the Nobel Prize in Mathematics.
  • The Abel Prize is awarded annually by the King of Norway to one or more mathematicians.
  • The Nobel Prize does not include a prize in mathematics.
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