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Lumpy Skin Disease

  • Context (IE): The parliamentary panel flags discrepancies in GoI’s report on lumpy skin disease deaths.
  • It is caused by the lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV), which belongs to the Capripoxvirus genus.
  • It was 1st discovered in Zambia in 1929, subsequently spreading to African countries. Currently, it is prevalent in Africa, the Middle East, and some parts of Asia.
  • It is a contagious vector-borne disease spread by vectors like mosquitoes, biting flies and ticks.
  • It is not a zoonotic disease, meaning it cannot transmit from animals to humans.
  • Symptoms include fever, nodules or lumps on the skin, and lesions on mucous membranes. Other signs may include reduced milk production, weight loss, and general weakness.
  • Treatment: No treatment is available, can be prevented by vaccination.
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