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  • Context (PIB | IE | TH): During his two-day visit to Varanasi, the Prime Minister will inaugurate the second edition of the Kashi Tamil Sangamam 2023.
  • Kashi Tamil Sangamam 2023 was inaugurated in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
  • It is the second edition of the initiative, to be held from December 17 to December 31.
  • The first edition was organized as a part of the “Azadi ka Amrit Mahostsav” celebration in 2022.
  • It celebrates the historical and civilisational connection between India’s North and South.
  • Multi-language and braille translations of Thirukkural, Manimekalai, and other classic Tamil literature were also launched at the event.
  • The Kanyakumari – Varanasi Tamil Sangamam train was also flagged off by the PM.
  • BHU and IIT-Madras are knowledge partners for the event.


  • Tirukkural is a classic Tamil text written by Thiruvalluvar.
  • The literal meaning of Tirukkural is “Sacred Couplets.
  • Tirukkural addresses various aspects of life, including ethics, governance, love, and spirituality.
  • Thirukkural is divided into three main sections: Aram (Virtue), Porul (Wealth), and Inbam (Love).


  • It is an “anti-love plot,” a sequel to the first Tamil epic Silappadikaram.
  • It is based on the story of the dancer and later turned Buddhist nun Manimekalai.
  • It is believed to be written by a Buddhist grain dealer and Tamil writer Cittalai Sattanar.
  • It provides information on the life, culture, and society of the Tamil regions (India and Sri Lanka) of the Sangam period.

Historical and Cultural Connection between North-South

  • As per the Brahmanda Purana, King Dasharath of Ayodhya is believed to have visited Kanchipuram to seek blessings from Amba Kamakshi.
  • Story of King Parakrama Pandya of Madurai in the 15th century constructing the Shiva temple of Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu, links Kashi to the South.
  • Pandyas had built the Kasi Viswanathar Temple in Tenkasi in southwestern Tamil Nadu, also linked to a visit to Kashi.
  • Trade links between the silk cities of Varanasi and Kanchipuram were also culturally significant for people-to-people contact.
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