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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

  • Context (IE): 31st October 2023 was Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s 148th birth anniversary.

Kheda Satyagraha (1918)

  • In 1918, crops failed in the Kheda (Gujarat) because of the drought.
  • The peasants demanded the remission of land revenue, but the government refused.
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel led the struggle which Gandhi supported.
  • Ultimately, the government agreed to suspend the tax for the year in question and for the next, reduce the increase in rate, and return all the confiscated property.
  • According to the Revenue Code, the farmers were entitled to remission if the yield was less than one-fourth of the normal produce.

Princely States and British India

Bardoli Satyagraha (1928)

  • In 1928, the peasants protested official efforts to increase land revenue in Gujarat. Vallabhbhai Patel was called to lead the movement. The women of Bardoli gave him the title of “Sardar”.
  • Under the leadership of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the peasants organised a No Tax Campaign and, in the end, won their demand.

Role in Constituent Assembly

  • The Constituent Assembly divided its work among different committees for smooth functioning.
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the chairman of:
    1. Committee on Fundamental Rights and Minorities.
    2. Provincial Constitution Committee.
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel presided over the special session of Karachi (1931), which adopted the resolution on fundamental rights and economic programme.

Statue of Unity

  • It is an 182-metre statue of Sardar Patel at Kevadia (Ekta Nagar).
  • It is located on the Narmada River facing the Sardar Sarovar Dam.

National Unity Day (Rashtriya Ekta Divas)

  • It is celebrated on 31 October to mark the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who had a major role in the political integration of India.
  • He played an important role in integrating the Princely States with India.
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