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Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS)

  • Context (TH l TOI): All modules of CCTNS are not being used to their full potential by States.
  • GoI has claimed that over 99% of first information reports (FIR) were filed through CCTNS.
  • After the 2008 Mumbai attacks, the then-Home Minister proposed the CCTNS concept in 2008.
  • The CCTNS is based on the Common Integrated Police Application (CIPA) launched in 2004-05.
  • The Nodal Ministry MoHA has been carrying it out as a “Mission Mode Project (MMP)” since 2009 under the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP).
  • The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) is implementing CCTNS.
  • The CCTNS project has been expanded to incorporate police data with the other elements of the criminal justice system, including the courts, prisons, prosecution, forensics, and fingerprints.
  • A new system called the “Inter-Operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS)” was created in 2017.

Objectives Of CCTNS

  • To provide a pan-India search on the National Crime and Criminal Records Database.
  • To make police operations more accessible to citizens and transparent by automating the operation of police stations.
  • To provide citizen-centric police services through a web portal.
  • To reduce the need for manual record keeping.
  • To digitise police processes (FIRs, Investigations, Challans).
  • To promote interaction and information sharing among police stations, districts, state/local headquarters, and other law enforcement agencies.
  • Improve justice delivery by sharing crime and criminal data among police stations, courts, prisons, forensics, and prosecution.

Working of CCTNS

  • CCTNS aims to integrate all crime data and records in India into Core Application Software (CAS).
  • The CCTNS project includes horizontal connectivity, which connects police functions at the State and Central levels to external entities.
  • The CCTNS also has vertical connectivity of police units (linking police units at various levels within the States – police stations, district police offices, state headquarters, SCRB, and other police formations).

Key features of CCTNS

  • Interconnects about 15,000 police stations (All 35 States and UTs) and 5,000 offices of supervisory police officers nationwide.
  • Digitize data related to FIR registration, investigation, and charge sheets.
  • Provide a central citizen portal with linkages to state-level citizen portals.
  • It would help in developing a national database of crime and criminals.
  • The project also involves training police personnel.

Significance of CCTNS

  1. For the Police Department and NCRB
    • Enhanced tools for investigation.
    • Centralized crime and criminal information repository, criminal images, and fingerprints.
    • Enhanced ability to analyse crime patterns and modus operandi
    • Reduced workload for the police station back-office activities.
    • Better coordination and communication with external stakeholders by implementing electronic information exchange systems.
    • Easy and low-cost scalability of crime and criminal systems in the future.
  2. For the citizens
    • Multiple channels to access police services.
    • Simplified process for registering petitions and accessing general services such as certificate requests, verifications, and permissions.
    • Simplified process and accurate tracking of the case’s progress during trials.
    • Simplified and accurate access to view/report unclaimed/recovered vehicles and property.
    • Simplified process and channel for grievance registration.
    • Improved relationship management for victims and witnesses.

    Inter-Operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS)

    • ICJS is a national platform for enabling integration of the central IT system used to deliver Criminal Justice in the country.
    • It seeks to integrate the five pillars of the system, viz
      1. Police (through Crime and Criminal Tracking and Network Systems),
      2. E-Forensics for Forensic Labs,
      3. E-Courts for Courts,
      4. E-Prosecution for Public Prosecutors and
      5. E-Prisons for Prisons.
    • The project will be implemented with the States and Union Territories.
    • NCRB will implement the project with the National Informatics Centre (NIC).

    National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)

    • It is headquartered in New Delhi and was set up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
    • It functions as a repository of information on crime and criminals to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
    • It was set up based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task Force (1985).
    • NCRB brings out the annual comprehensive crime statistics nationwide (‘Crime in India’ report).
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