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  • Context (TH): 20 years of the United Nations Convention against Corruption.
  • It is the 1st legally binding international anti-corruption agreement.
  • UNCAC entered into force in December 2005.
  • Parties: 190 (including India).
  • The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) was designated as a secretariat for the Convention’s conference of state parties.
  • Areas covered:
    1. Criminalisation and law enforcement
    2. Preventive measures
    3. International cooperation
    4. Asset recovery
    5. Technical exchange and information exchange

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

  • UNODC was established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention.
  • It was renamed the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in 2002.
  • Headquarters: Vienna, Austria.
  • Mandate: To assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, organized crime and trafficking, crime prevention, corruption, and terrorism.
  • It is a member of the United Nations Development Group (UNDG).
  • It implements conventions like United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UNTOC) and United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC)
  • It publishes World Drug Report annually.
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