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Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana

  • Context (IE): Prime Minister launched the Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana.
  • Under the scheme, one crore households will receive rooftop solar power systems.
  • In 2014, the government launched the Rooftop Solar Programme with a goal of 40 GW by 2022. This target was extended to 2026 as it could not be achieved on time.
  • The new scheme, Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana, is an effort to reach the 40 GW rooftop solar capacity goal.
One gigawatt (GW)= 1,000 megawatts, One megawatt= 1,000 kilowatts, One kilowatts= 1,000 watts.

Rooftop solar panels are the photovoltaic panels installed on the roof of a building which is connected to main power supply unit.

Rooftop Solar Programme

  • It was launched in 2014 and aims to increase India’s rooftop solar capacity in residential areas.
  • It provides financial assistance and incentives to distribution companies (DISCOMs) and individuals.
  • The goal is to achieve 40 GW of rooftop solar capacity by March 2026, currently in its second phase.
  • Due to the program, rooftop solar has increased from 1.8 GW (2019) to 10.4 GW (2023).
  • Consumers can avail benefits of the scheme through DISCOM tendered projects or the National Portal.

India’s current solar capacity

Total Solar Capacity (GW)

Rooftop Solar Capacity (GW)

  • 73.31 (as of Dec 2023)
  • 11.08 (as of Dec 2023)
  • Rajasthan leads in total solar capacity with 18.7 GW, followed by Gujarat at 10.5 GW.
  • Gujarat is in the lead with 2.8 GW, and Maharashtra follows with 1.7 GW.
India’s current renewable energy capacity stands at around 180 GW.
  • India is the 3rd largest energy-consuming country in the world.
  • India is the 5th largest solar country in the world. (REN21 Renewables 2022 Global Status Report).
    • China– 430 GW>USA-141.8 GW>Japan>Germany>India(72.3GW).
  • India stands 4th globally in
    • Renewable Energy Installed Capacity (including Large Hydro)
    • Wind Power capacity

Installed capacity for Renewables

Renewable energy capacity in India

India’s Renewable Energy Capacity (2023)

  • Nuclear energy is a clean energy but not renewable. Nuclear fuels, such as the element uranium, are a finite material mined from the ground and can only be found in specific locations.

Why is an expansion of solar energy important for India?

  • Rising Energy Demand: India’s energy supply is set to rise from 42 exajoules (EJ) in 2022 to 53.7 EJ in 2030 and 73 EJ in 2050. (International Energy Agency (IEA) latest World Energy Outlook).
  • Diversification of Energy Sources: Dependence on traditional sources like coal is not sustainable in the long term.
  • Environmental Benefits: Solar energy is a clean and green source of power, contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Self-Reliance in Energy: India already imports around 40% of its primary energy. By expanding its solar capacity, India aims to reduce its reliance on imported fossil fuels.
  • Global Commitments: India, at COP26, has pledged to achieve 500 GW of renewable energy by 2030.
  • By 2047, India aims to become an energy-independent nation through a mix of electric mobility, CNG & piped natural gas, 20% ethanol blending & green hydrogen production.
  • The country also aims to achieve 90% of its energy from renewable sources.
  • Job Creation: As the solar sector expands, it creates jobs in manufacturing, installation, maintenance, and related fields, contributing to economic growth.
  • Reduction of Power Deficits: Solar energy projects can be deployed in various regions, including remote and off-grid areas. This helps address power deficits in certain areas.

GoI initiatives for Solar Power

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