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  • Context (PIB | PIB): To promote ‘Digital India,’ ‘Make in India,’ and ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat,’ a new PMMVY Portal (PMMVYsoft MIS) has been developed.
  • PMMVY is a centrally sponsored direct benefit scheme that provides financial assistance to pregnant and lactating women in the country.
  • It was launched in 2017 under the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • It was revised and incorporated as a component of Mission Shakti from 2022.
  • PMMVY Scheme is implemented as per provisions of the National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013.

Objectives of PMMVY

  • Provide a cash incentive to compensate for wage loss, allowing women to rest before and after their first child’s birth.
  • Improve health-seeking behaviour amongst pregnant women & lactating mothers (PW&LM).
  • Promote positive change toward girls by offering cash incentives for a second child if it’s a girl.

Beneficiaries of PMMVY

  • Women belonging to scheduled castes and scheduled tribes
  • Women who are partially (40%) or fully disabled (Divyang Jan)
  • Women holder of BPL ration Card
  • Women Beneficiaries under PradhanMantri Jan AarogyaYojana (PMJAY) under Ayushman Bharat
  • Women holding E-shram card
  • Women farmers who are beneficiaries under Kishan Samman Nidhi
  • Women holding MGNREGA Job Card
  • Women whose net family income is less than Rs. 8 Lakh per annum
  • Pregnant and Lactating AWWs/ AWHs/ ASHAs
  • Any other category as may be prescribed by the Central Government

Exclusion from PMMVY

  • All pregnant women and lactating mothers who are:
    • in regular employment with the Central or State Govt or Public Sector Undertakings.
    • in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force.

Benefits Under PMMVY

  • Benefit is available to a woman for the first two living children provided the second child is a girl.
  • First child: ₹5000 in two instalments
  • Second child: ₹6000 in one instalment after the birth

Exceptions

  • In case of miscarriage/still birth, the beneficiary will be treated as fresh beneficiary in event of any future pregnancy.

Mission Shakti

  • Mission Shakti is a scheme of Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • Aim: strengthening interventions for women safety, security, and empowerment.
  • It will be implementated during the 15th Finance Commission period 2021-22 to 2025-26.
  • It has two sub-schemes:
    1. Sambal (for safety and security of women)
    2. Samarthya (for empowerment of women)

Sub-schemes of Sambal

  1. One Stop Centres (OSC)
  2. Women Helplines (181-WHL)
  3. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP)
  4. Nari Adalat

Sub-schemes of Samarthya

  1. Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)
  2. Shakti Sadan (Ujjwala & Swadhar Greh)
  3. Working Women Hostel (Sakhi Niwas)
  4. National Creche Scheme (Palna)

National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013

  • NFSA 2013 is a landmark legislation that provides right to food to all citizens of India.
  • It is the largest food security programme in the world.
  • The Act guarantees subsidised foodgrains to eligible households under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS).

Features of NFSA 2013 for Pregnant and Lactating Mother

  • Nutritional Support to women and children:
    • Pregnant women, lactating mothers, and children of 6 months to 14 years are entitled to nutritious meals through the Integrated Child Development Services & Mid-Day Meal schemes.
    • Higher nutritional norms have been prescribed for malnourished children up to 6 years of age.
  • Maternity Benefit: Pregnant and lactating mothers are entitled to at least Rs. 6,000.
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