Daily Prelims Practise Questions (PPQs) – October 27 2023

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Questions

Q1. {Geo – PG – Climatology} Consider the following statements regarding Twin cyclones:

  1. They are two tropical cyclones that develop simultaneously in the same or different regions.
  2. They always lead to the formation of the Fujiwhara effect.
  3. Twin cyclones can develop on the opposite sides of the equator.
  4. Equatorial Rossby Waves and Madden-Julian Oscillations positively impact twin cyclone formation.
How many of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. Only three
  4. All

Q2. {Education – NEP} Consider the following statements regarding The Automated Permanent Academic Account Registry (APAAR) ID:

  1. It is a “One Nation One Student ID Card” program launched by the Ministry of Education.
  2. Registration for creating an APAAR ID was made compulsory by the Government.
  3. It helps the government keep track of a student’s academic information, like degrees, scholarships, and rewards, all in one place.
  4. Students must share their Aadhaar number and demographic details with the Ministry of Education to create an APAAR ID.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. Only three
  4. All

Q3. {Polity – IC – FRs} Consider the following statements regarding Preventive Detention:

  1. India is the only democratic country in the world that has made preventive detention an integral part of the Constitution.
  2. If the detention is ordered for more than 3 months, it requires the approval of the Governor of the state.
  3. Only parliament has the authority to make laws regarding Preventive Detention.
How many of the above statements are correct?
  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. All three
  4. None of the above

Q4. {S&T – Misc} Consider the following statements regarding Reference Fuels:

  1. Reference fuels are used for vehicle calibration and testing by auto equipment manufacturers and testing organisations.
  2. BPCL has successfully commenced the production of Reference Gasoline and Diesel Fuels for the first time in India.
  3. Unlike regular fuels, reference-grade fuel boasts a higher Octane number.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q5. {Prelims – In News} Which of the statements regarding National Games 2023 is incorrect:

  1. It is India’s multi-sport event inspired by the Olympics.
  2. The 37th edition of the National Games will be held in Jammu and Kashmir for the first time.
  3. The games was initially known as the Indian Olympic Games.
  4. All the statements are correct.

Q6. {IE – Taxation} Consider the following statements regarding the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA):

  1. It is used to avoid double taxation for taxpayers who reside in one country and earn income in another.
  2. India has signed DTAA with more than 85 countries in the world.
  3. Through DTAA, India expects a 75% increase in tax income by 2025.
How many of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. Only three
  4. All four

Questions With Solution and Explanation

Q1. {Geo – PG – Climatology} Consider the following statements regarding Twin cyclones:

  1. They are two tropical cyclones that develop simultaneously in the same or different regions.
  2. They always lead to the formation of the Fujiwhara effect.
  3. Twin cyclones can develop on the opposite sides of the equator.
  4. Equatorial Rossby Waves and Madden-Julian Oscillations positively impact twin cyclone formation.
How many of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. Only three
  4. All

Explanation

Statement 1 is incorrect
  • Twin cyclones are two tropical cyclones that develop simultaneously in the same region.
  • In October 2023, twin cyclones Tej (over the Arabian Sea) and Hamoon (over the Bay of Bengal) developed over the North Indian Ocean Region.

Twin cyclones Tej (over the Arabian Sea) and Hamoon (over the Bay of Bengal)

Statement 2 is incorrect
  • When two tropical cyclones (a binary of tropical cyclones) come in close proximity, they begin to rotate around a common midpoint. It is called the Fujiwhara Effect.
  • Conditions necessary for the effect to occur are:
    • Two tropical cyclones formed around the same time in the same ocean region.
    • The distance between the centres (or eyes) of the cyclones is less than 1,400 km.
    • It is not necessary that twin cyclones always form the Fujiwhara effect.
Statement 3 is correct
  • In May 2022, twin tropical cyclones Asani (northern hemisphere — counter-clockwise) & Karim (southern hemisphere — clockwise) formed at nearly the same time on opposite sides of the Equator.

Twin tropical cyclones Asani (northern hemisphere — counter-clockwise) & Karim (southern hemi-sphere — clockwise)

Statement 4 is correct
  • Equatorial Rossby Waves and Madden-Julian Oscillation aid twin cyclone formation.
Answer: (b) Only two

Q2. {Education – NEP} Consider the following statements regarding The Automated Permanent Academic Account Registry (APAAR) ID:

  1. It is a “One Nation One Student ID Card” program launched by the Ministry of Education.
  2. Registration for creating an APAAR ID was made compulsory by the Government.
  3. It helps the government keep track of a student’s academic information, like degrees, scholarships, and rewards, all in one place.
  4. Students must share their Aadhaar number and demographic details with the Ministry of Education to create an APAAR ID.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. Only three
  4. All

Explanation

Statement 1 is correct
  • The Automated Permanent Academic Account Registry (APAAR) ID, or “One Nation One Student ID Card,” is a new program launched by the Ministry of Education (MoE).
  • APAAR is part of the ‘One Nation, One Student ID’ initiative based on the National Education Policy (NEP) of 2020.
Statement 2 is incorrect
  • Registration for creating an APAAR ID is voluntary, not compulsory.
Statement 3 is incorrect
  • It helps students keep track of their academic information, like degrees, scholarships, and rewards, all in one place.
  • Each student gets a unique APAAR ID linked to the Academic Bank Credit (ABC), a digital repository of their educational credits.
  • It help the state governments track literacy and dropout rates. The government doesn’t have access to all the information linked to the APAAR ID account.
Statement 4 is incorrect
  • Students need to provide basic information, verified using an Aadhaar number.
  • The Aadhaar number is only used for verification and not shared during registration.
  • Students can accept or decline to share their Aadhaar number and demographic details with the MoE.
  • For minors, parents must sign a consent form for using the student’s Aadhaar number.
Answer: (a) Only One

Q3. {Polity – IC – FRs} Consider the following statements regarding Preventive Detention:

  1. India is the only democratic country in the world that has made preventive detention an integral part of the Constitution.
  2. If the detention is ordered for more than 3 months, it requires the approval of the Governor of the state.
  3. Only parliament has the authority to make laws regarding Preventive Detention.
How many of the above statements are correct?
  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. All three
  4. None of the above

Explanation

Statement 1 is correct
  • IC contains provisions for preventive detention under clauses (4) to (7) of Article 22 (Part III: FRs).
  • Article 22 of IC prescribes protection against arrest and detention.
  • India is the only democratic country in the world that has made preventive detention an integral part of the Constitution.
Statement 2 is incorrect
  • Any law allowing preventive detention cannot detain a person for more than three months unless:
    1. The advisory board believes there is a good reason for such detention.
    2. If a person is detained under certain circumstances or for a specific case, parliamentary law may state that the opinion of an advisory board is not required in such situations.
Statement 3 is incorrect
  • Under Entry 3 of List III (Concurrent List‘), both Parliament and State Legislature have powers to enact such laws for the reasons related to the maintenance of public order or the maintenance of supplies or services essential to the community.
Answer: (a) Only one

Q4. {S&T – Misc} Consider the following statements regarding Reference Fuels:

  1. Reference fuels are used for vehicle calibration and testing by auto equipment manufacturers and testing organisations.
  2. BPCL has successfully commenced the production of Reference Gasoline and Diesel Fuels for the first time in India.
  3. Unlike regular fuels, reference-grade fuel boasts a higher Octane number.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Explanations

Statement 1 is correct
  • Reference fuels are premium products used for vehicle calibration and testing by auto equipment manufacturers and testing organisations.
Statement 2 is incorrect
  • IndianOil has successfully commenced the production of Reference Gasoline and Diesel Fuels for the first time in India.
Statement 3 is correct
  • Unlike regular and premium fuels with octane numbers of 87 and 91, reference-grade fuel boasts an impressive octane number 97.
Answer: (c) 1 and 3 only

Q5. {Prelims – In News} Which of the statements regarding National Games 2023 is incorrect:

  1. It is India’s multi-sport event inspired by the Olympics.
  2. The 37th edition of the National Games will be held in Jammu and Kashmir for the first time.
  3. The games was initially known as the Indian Olympic Games.
  4. All the statements are correct.

Explanation

  • National Games 2023 is India’s multi-sport event inspired by the Olympics.
  • The 37th National Games is currently underway in five Goan cities.
  • Goa is hosting the National Games for the first time.
  • The National Games were first held in Lahore, undivided India, in 1924 and were known as the Indian Olympic Games until 1938
Answer: (b) (incorrect statement)

Q6. {IE – Taxation} Consider the following statements regarding the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA):

  1. It is used to avoid double taxation for taxpayers who reside in one country and earn income in another.
  2. India has signed DTAA with more than 85 countries in the world.
  3. Through DTAA, India expects a 75% increase in tax income by 2025.
How many of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. Only three
  4. All four

Explanation

Statement 1 is correct
  • DTAA is a tax treaty signed between two or more countries to avoid double taxation for taxpayers who reside in one country and earn income in another.
Statement 2 is correct
  • Currently, India has signed DTAA with 88 countries.
Statement 3 is incorrect
  • Its primary purpose is to help taxpayers avoid paying double taxes on the same income.
  • India has no such target of a 75% increase in tax income under the scheme.
Answer: (b) Only two
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