National Board for Wildlife, Wildlife Advisory Board

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National Board for Wild Life is a statutory body constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

History of National Board for Wildlife

  • Due to the rapid decline in wildlife population, the GOI had constituted an advisory body designated as the Indian Board for Wildlife (IBWL) in 1952.
  • The Indian Board for Wildlife was chaired by the Prime Minister.
  • The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 was enacted for providing special legal protection to wildlife.
  • The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 laid special emphasis on endangered species of fauna.
  • As per the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act, 2002, a provision was incorporated for the constitution of the National Board for Wildlife, replacing the Indian Board for Wildlife.

Members of National Board for Wildlife

  • The National Board for Wildlife has 47 members with the Prime Minister in the Chair.
  • The Minister in charge of the MoEF in GOI is the Vice-Chairperson.
  • The Additional Director General of Forests (WL) & Director, Wildlife Preservation is the Member-Secretary to the Board.
  • Other members include
    • three Members of Parliament (two from Lok Sabha and one from Rajya Sabha),
    • five NGOs and
    • 10 eminent ecologists, conservationists and environmentalists.

Duties

  • The board is advisory in nature and advises the GOI in conservation and development of wildlife and forests.
  • It has the power to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries.
  • No alternation of boundaries in national parks and wildlife sanctuaries can be done without the approval of the National Board for Wildlife.

Wildlife Advisory Board

  • Wildlife Advisory Board is a statuary body of the state (UT) government.
  • The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 mandates the State (UT) Government to constitute a Wildlife Advisory Board consisting of the following members:
  • Minister in charge of Forest in the State (UT) is the Chairman (Chief Secretary will be the chairman if the minister’s post is vacant).

Duties

  • Advise the State Government in
    • selection and administration of areas to be declared as Sanctuaries, National Parks, Closed Areas;
    • formulation of the policy of protection and conservation of Wildlife and specified plants;
    • measures to be taken for harmonizing the needs of the tribals and other forest dwellers with the protection and conservation of wildlife; and
    • any matter that may be referred to it by the State Government.
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