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National Board for Wild Life is a statutory body constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
History of National Board for Wildlife
- Due to the rapid decline in wildlife population, the GOI had constituted an advisory body designated as the Indian Board for Wildlife (IBWL) in 1952.
- The Indian Board for Wildlife was chaired by the Prime Minister.
- The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 was enacted for providing special legal protection to wildlife.
- The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 laid special emphasis on endangered species of fauna.
- As per the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act, 2002, a provision was incorporated for the constitution of the National Board for Wildlife, replacing the Indian Board for Wildlife.
Members of National Board for Wildlife
- The National Board for Wildlife has 47 members with the Prime Minister in the Chair.
- The Minister in charge of the MoEF in GOI is the Vice-Chairperson.
- The Additional Director General of Forests (WL) & Director, Wildlife Preservation is the Member-Secretary to the Board.
- Other members include
- three Members of Parliament (two from Lok Sabha and one from Rajya Sabha),
- five NGOs and
- 10 eminent ecologists, conservationists and environmentalists.
- The board is advisory in nature and advises the GOI in conservation and development of wildlife and forests.
- It has the power to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries.
- No alternation of boundaries in national parks and wildlife sanctuaries can be done without the approval of the National Board for Wildlife.
Wildlife Advisory Board
- Wildlife Advisory Board is a statuary body of the state (UT) government.
- The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 mandates the State (UT) Government to constitute a Wildlife Advisory Board consisting of the following members:
- Minister in charge of Forest in the State (UT) is the Chairman (Chief Secretary will be the chairman if the minister’s post is vacant).
- Advise the State Government in
- selection and administration of areas to be declared as Sanctuaries, National Parks, Closed Areas;
- formulation of the policy of protection and conservation of Wildlife and specified plants;
- measures to be taken for harmonizing the needs of the tribals and other forest dwellers with the protection and conservation of wildlife; and
- any matter that may be referred to it by the State Government.