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MPLADS: Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme

Table of contents
  • Context (PIB): The details of sanctioned work under the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) were put forth by MoSPI.
  • It is a Central Sector Scheme formulated by the GoI in 1993-94.
  • MPLADS enables the members of parliament (MPs) to recommend developmental work in their constituencies, emphasising creating durable community assets based on locally felt needs such as drinking water, education, public health, sanitation, roads etc.
  • The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) is responsible for the policy formulation, release of funds and monitoring for the implementation of the Scheme.

MPLADS Scheme

Features

  • The Annual MPLADS fund is Rs. 5 crore per MP constituency.
  • MPLADS funds are non-lapsable, either at the end of the Union Government or the District Authority.
  • The Ministry of Finance has revised the MPLADS rules to require MPs to deposit the interest accrued on these funds to the Consolidated Fund of India. This means that MPs will no longer be able to use this interest for development works.
  • MPs must recommend works yearly for SCs (15%) and STs (7.5%) areas out of the total amount.
  • Lok Sabha Members can recommend works within their Constituencies.
  • Elected Members of the Rajya Sabha can recommend works within the State of Election.
  • Nominated MPs of both the Rajya Sabha & Lok Sabha can recommend works anywhere in India.
  • Expenditure on specified items of non-durable nature is also permitted, as listed in the guidelines.

Issues with MPLADS

Issue Description
Lack of transparency and accountability
  • MPs are not required to submit detailed reports on the utilization of funds.
  • There is no independent oversight body to monitor the scheme.
Ineffective targeting of funds
  • MPs are free to recommend any work in their constituencies, regardless of whether it is needed or beneficial to the local population. It led to the neglect of some areas, while others received disproportionate funding.
Lack of participation by local communities
  • The MPLADS scheme does not adequately involve local communities in the planning and implementing of development projects.
  • This results in resentment and distrust among some communities, who feel they have no say in how their resources are used.
Inadequate monitoring and evaluation
  • There is no systematic mechanism to track projects’ progress or assess their impact.
Lack of statutory backing
  • The MPLADS scheme is not backed by any legislation. This has made it difficult to enforce the rules and regulations governing the scheme.

 

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