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IN-SPACe released NGP to implement the Indian Space Policy

  • Context (TH): Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe) has released the norms, guidelines and procedures (NGP) for the implementation of Indian Space Policy, 2023.
  • It would complement the government’s endeavour to provide a predictable regulatory regime, transparency, and ease of doing business in the Indian space sector.
  • The NGP includes the list of Space Activities that need Authorization from IN-SPACe, the criteria for granting the Authorization, and the necessary conditions/guidelines that an Applicant must adhere to.

Who needs Authorization?

  • Any Entity carrying out Space Activities to or from Indian Territory or within India’s jurisdiction, including the area to the limit of its exclusive economic zone, needs Authorization from IN-SPACe.

Who can apply for Authorization?

  • Only an Indian Entity can apply to IN-SPACe seeking Authorization. Non-Indian Entities desiring to conduct Space Activity in India can apply through an Indian Entity.

What activities need Authorization?

  • Any Space Activity, including the launch, operation, guidance, and/or re-entry of any Space Object, requires Authorization from IN-SPACe.


  • Established in 2020, it is a single-window, independent, nodal agency that functions as an autonomous agency in the Department of Space (DOS).
  • It facilitates private sector participation in space and serves as a single-point interface for space-related activities.
  • It also works as an interface for the exchange of technologies, procedures, and best practices between NGEs (non-government entities) and government companies.
  • Headquarters: Bopal, Ahmedabad.

Indian Space Policy, 2023

  • Objective: To “enable, encourage, and develop a flourishing commercial presence in space”, which implies endorsement of the idea that the private sector is a crucial participant in the entire value chain of the space economy.
  • It establishes:
    • 4 distinct but related bodies that will enable increased private sector involvement in tasks that have typically been under the purview of the ISRO.
    • 6 space technology incubation centers to promote innovation and entrepreneurship in startups, MSMEs, and private enterprises.
  • It promotes international cooperation in the space domain, facilitating knowledge-sharing and access to global markets and private players.
  • The policy delineates the roles and responsibilities of ISRO, New Space India Limited (NSIL), and the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Center (IN-SPACe).

IN-SPACe (Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre)

  • It will serve as a single point of contact for authorization and clearance for a variety of activities, including satellite purchases and sales, the construction of launch pads, and the distribution of high-resolution data.
  • It will exchange technologies, procedures, and best practices with NGEs (non-government entities) and government companies, and employ a “stable and predictable regulatory framework” to guarantee a level playing field.

New Space India Limited (NSIL)

  • NSIL will be responsible for manufacturing, leasing, or acquiring space components, technologies, platforms, and other assets from the public or private sector.
  • It will also be tasked with commercialising space technologies and platforms developed through public expenditures.

Department of Space

  • It will serve as the nodal department for implementing space technologies and will oversee international cooperation for global space governance and programmes in consultation with the Ministry of External Affairs.
  • Additionally, it will establish a suitable mechanism for resolving disputes spurred on by space activity.

Rationalising ISRO’s role

  • ISRO will “transition out of the existing practice of being present in the manufacturing of operational space systems”. Mature systems shall be transferred to industries for commercial usage.
  • ISRO shall focus on R&D in advanced technology and the realisation of space objects to meet national prerogatives. This will enable ISRO to focus all of its resources on long-term initiatives like Gaganyaan as well as cutting-edge research and development.
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