UPSC Civil Services Mains GS-2 (Mains Paper-III) Syllabus

  • UPSC Civil Services Mains General Studies II (GS-II) Syllabus consists of the following major areas: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

UPSC Civil Services Mains General Studies II (GS-II) Detailed Syllabus

Indian Polity and Governance

  • Indian Constitution – historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the
    federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges
    and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

Government Policy

  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of
    their design and implementation.

The Role of Non-Government Institutions

  • Development processes and the development industry – the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

Welfare schemes

  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
    performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
    protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Social Sector

  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
    Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Aspects of Governance

  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance – applications,
    models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and
    institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.

International Relations

  • India and its neighbourhood relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s
    interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian
    Diaspora.

Important International institutions

  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora – their structure, mandate.
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