- UPSC Civil Services Mains General Studies II (GS-II) Syllabus consists of the following major areas: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
UPSC Civil Services Mains General Studies II (GS-II) Detailed Syllabus
Indian Polity and Governance
- Indian Constitution – historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
- Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the
federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
- Separation of powers between various organs, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
- Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
- Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges
and issues arising out of these.
- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
- Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
- Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of
their design and implementation.
The Role of Non-Government Institutions
- Development processes and the development industry – the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
- Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
Education, Human Resources.
- Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
Aspects of Governance
- Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance – applications,
models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and
institutional and other measures.
- Role of civil services in a democracy.
- India and its neighbourhood relations.
- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s
- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian
Important International institutions
- Important International institutions, agencies and fora – their structure, mandate.