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Operation Greens Scheme

  • Context (PIB): Under the Long Term Interventions component of the Operation Greens scheme, 53 projects have been approved for eligible crops in identified production clusters.

Operation Greens

  • In the Union Budget 2018-19, “Operation Greens” was announced on the line of “Operation Flood”.
  • It is a Central Sector Scheme under the Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana (PMKSY).
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI).


  • The scheme has two components namely:
    1. Long Term Intervention
    2. Short Term Intervention
Components Details
Short-Term Interventions: Price Stabilisation Measures
  • National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Limited (NAFED) as Nodal Agency for implementation.
  • 50% subsidy by the Ministry of Food Processing Industry for:
    • Transportation of TOP crops.
    • Hiring of storage facilities for TOP crops.
Long-Term Integrated: Value Chain Development Projects
  • Capacity building of FPOs & their consortium.
  • Ensuring quality production.
  • Development of post-harvest processing facilities.
  • Improvement in Agri-Logistics.
  • Enhancement of Marketing/Consumption Points.
  • Creation and management of an e-platform for demand and supply management of TOP Crops.

Eligible Entities

  • Food Processors, FPOs, Co-operative Societies, Individual farmers, Exporters, State Marketing/Co-operative Federation, Retailers etc. engaged in processing/marketing of fruits and vegetables.


  • In 2020, the scope of short-term measures of the scheme was expanded from Tomato, Onion and Potato (TOP) crops to all fruits and vegetables (TOTAL).
  • Further, in the Union Budget 2021-22, the scope of long-term interventions, originally applicable to tomato, onion and potatoes (TOP) crops, was enlarged to 22 perishable crops.
Category Crops/Produce
Fruits Mango, Banana, Apple, Pineapple, Orange, Grapes, Aonla/Amla, Pomegranate, Guava, Litchi
Vegetables Tomato, Onion, Potato, Green Peas, Carrot, Cauliflower, Beans, Gourd Family (Bottle Gourd (Loki), Bitter Gourd (Karela), Ridge/Sponge Gourd (Torai), Pointed Gourd (Parval), Ash Gourd (Petha)), Okra, Garlic, Ginger


  • To support its structure, the Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC)-promoted markets will link to the e-NAM (National Agriculture Market) platform.
  • e-NAM: It’s a GoI initiative, a pan-India electronic trading portal for agricultural commodities, linking APMC mandis to establish a unified national market.
  • APMC: A state-regulated committee managing trade of specific farm and livestock products under its Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act.


  • It enhances the value realisation of farmers and minimises post-harvest losses in the supply chain of 22 perishable crops.
  • It promotes Farmer Producers’ Organisations (FPO) and enhances agri-logistics, processing facilities, and professional agri-produce management.
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