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  • Context (PIB): The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has introduced the ‘One Vehicle, One FASTag initiative.
  • It aims to enhance the efficiency of the Electronic Toll Collection system and provide seamless movement at the Toll Plazas.
  • The initiative would discourage using a single FASTag for multiple vehicles or associating multiple FASTags with a single vehicle.
  • FASTags with a valid balance but incomplete KYC will be deactivated/blocked after January 31, 2024.


  • FASTag is an electronic toll collection system, launched in 2016.
  • It is operated by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI).
  • The device employs Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology for payments directly from the prepaid or savings account linked to it.
  • It is affixed on the windscreen, so the vehicle can drive through plazas without stopping.
  • It is valid for five years & can be recharged as & when required.

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

  • RFID is an acronym for “radio-frequency identification” & refers to a technology whereby digital data encoded in RFID tags or smart labels are captured by a reader via radio waves.
  • RFID belongs to a group of technologies referred to as Automatic Identification & Data Capture.
  • AIDC methods automatically identify objects, collect data about them, & enter those data directly into computer systems with little or no human intervention.
  • RFID tags contain an integrated circuit & an antenna, which transmit data to the RFID reader (interrogator).
  • The reader then converts the radio waves to a more usable form of data.
  • Information collected from the tags is stored in a database & analysed.
  • RFID is like barcoding in that data from a tag is captured by a device that stores the data in a database.
  • RFID, however, has several advantages over systems that use barcode asset tracking software.
  • The most notable is that RFID tag data can be read outside the line-of-sight, whereas barcodes must be aligned with an optical scanner.

 radio frequency identification (RFID)

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