PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad
PMF IAS Test Series for UPSC Prelims Banner Ad

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)

  • Context (IE): NATO completed 75 years of formation.

History of NATO

  • Founded on April 4, 1949.
  • 12 founding members: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States.
  • Formed by the signing of the Washington Treaty, which is based on Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, “which reaffirms the right of individual or collective defence.”
  • Article 5 of Washington Treaty explicitly aims to counter Soviet Union’s influence in Eastern Europe.
  • Direct Military interventions are not a must, dependent as individual member deems fit.
  • The only time the article has been invoked so far was following the 9/11 attacks on the US.
  • In the aftermath of it, NATO forces were sent to Afghanistan and deployed for nearly 20 years.


For more details, visit > NATO

NATO in today’s world

  • Expanded membership: Maximum in history (32 members) Making it bigger and stronger. Finland (2023) and Sweden (2024), who had historically neutral foreign policy, are now NATO members.
  • Russia-Ukraine war: Insecurities of war led to a more united NATO.
  • Relations with Russia have now “slipped to the level of direct confrontation“.
  • Rise of China: A news relevance to counter it not only economically but ideologically and strategically.

Contemporary challenges being faced by NATO

  • Disagreements on military spending: US supports a hike in spending while many members are not in support. Only 11 out of the 30 members (2014) spent over the agreed limit of 2 per cent of their GDP.
  • Membership delay: Despite a liberal “open door” policy for membership, all members must ratify a new applicant’s entry. Yet individual members stall new entries, for example, Sweden and Finland case.
  • Intra-block tensions: The French President commented on a lack of strategic coordination between European allies and the United States and Turkey.
  • Ukraine-Russia war funding: The plan to create a five-year, $107 billion fund for Ukraine drew mixed reactions from members.

Learn more on NATO Plus.

Sharing is Caring !!

Newsletter Updates

Subscribe to our newsletter and never miss an important update!

Assured Discounts on our New Products!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Never miss an important update!