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National Council for Transgender Persons (NCTP)

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  • Context (PIB): The National Council for Transgender Persons (NCTP) convened its pivotal meeting at Dr. Ambedkar International Centre (DAIC).
  • The agenda was to confront the challenges faced by transgender people, encompassing issues concerning Education, Life with dignity, Health support, Opportunities for livelihood, and Skill enhancement.
  • Specific concerns raised included the necessity for unisex toilets, the establishment of shelter homes, the distribution of Ayushman Cards, and the provision of GarimaGreh.

National Council for Transgender Persons (NCTP)

  • It is the statutory body primarily concerned with advising the government on all policy matters affecting transgender and intersex persons, as well as individuals with diverse GIESC (gender identity/expression and sex characteristics) identities.
  • It was established in 2020 under the provisions of the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019.
  • The Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment leads the council.
  • It includes four representatives from the transgender community and one from the intersex community, each representing different regions (north, south, east, west, and northeast).
  • Several Joint Secretary-level ex-officio members from various governmental ministries also serve on the council, along with five expert members from non-governmental organisations.

National Portal for Transgender Persons

  • It is an initiative by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • The portal serves as a centralised platform to address the needs and rights of transgender individuals.
  • Components:
    • TG Certificate & ID Cards
    • GarimaGreh (Shelter Homes)
    • Skill Training
    • Medical Support
    • Recognition & Appreciation

GarimaGreh

  • It is a component of the Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise (SMILE) scheme.
  • It is launched by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in India.
  • GarimaGreh aims to provide shelter to destitute and abandoned transgender persons.
  • These shelter homes are geo-tagged for accessible locations by transgender individuals.
  • Any transgender person holding a TG certificate and ID card from the National Portal for Transgender Persons can visit these shelter homes for their holistic development.
  • It offers basic amenities such as food, medical care, and recreational facilities.
  • It supports capacity-building and skill development for transgender individuals.
  • It addresses the social stigma and marginalisation faced by the transgender community.

The SMILE scheme

  • The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment launches it.
  • It aims to rehabilitate poor and marginalised individuals by providing essential support for their livelihood and entrepreneurial endeavours.
  • The scheme includes two sub-schemes:
    • Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Welfare of Transgender Persons.
    • Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation of Persons Engaged in the Act of Begging.
  • It covers a range of comprehensive measures, including Rehabilitation and medical facilities. Counselling, Education, Skill development, Economic linkages
  • Implementation involves collaboration with State Governments/UTs/Local Urban Bodies, Voluntary Organizations, and Community-Based Organizations (CBOs).
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