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National Gopal Ratna Award | Rashtriya Gokul Mission

  • Context (PIB): Nominations for the National Gopal Ratna Award for the year 2024 are invited.
  • Since 2021, the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying has been conferring the National Gopal Ratna Award every year under the Rashtriya Gokul Mission.
  • It is one of the highest national awards in the field of livestock and dairy, instituted for farmers rearing indigenous livestock.
  • Objective: To encourage the Milk producing farmers, dairy cooperative societies/MPC/FPOs, and Artificial Insemination Technicians (AITs).
  • It is awarded for the following categories:
    • Best Dairy farmer rearing indigenous cattle/buffalo breeds.
    • Best Dairy Cooperative Society (DCS)/ Milk Producer Company (MPC)/ Dairy Farmer Producer Organization (FPO).
    • Best Artificial Insemination Technician (AIT).
    • Special award for NorthEastern Region (NER) States (conferred from 2024 onwards)
  • The award consists of a Certificate of merit, a memento, and monitory prize in the first two categories i.e Best Dairy Farmer and Best DCS/FPO/MPCs as under:
    • 1st rank: Rs. 5,00,000
    • 2nd rank: Rs. 3,00,000
    • 3rd rank: Rs. 2,00,000
    • Special Award for North-Eastern Region (NER): Rs. 2,00,000
  • In the case of the Best Artificial Insemination Technician (AIT) category, consists of a Certificate of merit and a memento only. No cash prize is provided.
  • The awards will be conferred on the occasion of National Milk Day on 26th November.

Rashtriya Gokul Mission

  • It was launched in 2014 for the development and conservation of Indigenous breeds through selective breeding in the breeding tract and genetic upgradation of the nondescript bovine population.
  • Implemented by: Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying under the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying.
  • Implementing agencies: State Implementing Agency (SIA) viz Livestock Development Boards.
  • Participating agencies: Other agencies having a role in Bovine Development like CFSPTI, CCBFs, ICAR, Universities, Colleges, NGOs, etc.

Components

  • Availability of High genetic Merit Germplasm
  • Extension of Artificial Insemination Network
  • Development and Conservation of indigenous Breeds
  • Skill Development
  • Farmers Awareness
  • Research Development and Innovation in Bovine Breeding

Objectives

  • To enhance productivity of bovines & sustainably increase milk production using advanced technologies.
  • To propagate the use of high genetic merit bulls for breeding purposes.
  • To enhance Artificial insemination coverage through strengthening the breeding network and delivery of Artificial insemination services at farmers’ doorstep.
  • To promote indigenous cattle & buffalo rearing and conservation scientifically and holistically.

Funding pattern

  • All the components of the Scheme will be implemented on a 100% grant-in-aid basis except:
    • Accelerated breed improvement programme under the component subsidy of Rs 5000 per IVF pregnancy will be made available to participating farmers as GoI share;
    • Promoting sex-sorted semen under the component subsidy up to 50% of the cost of it;
    • Establishment of a breed multiplication farm under the component subsidy of up to 50% of the capital cost maximum of up to Rs.2.00 crore of the project will be made available to entrepreneurs.

Initiatives under RGM

  • Awards for encouraging farmers/breeder societies to rear Indigenous breeds of Bovines
    • Gopal Ratna awards: For farmers maintaining the best herd of Indigenous Breed(s).
    • Kamdhenu awards: For Best managed Indigenous Herd by Institutions/Trusts/ NGOs/ Gaushalas or best-managed Breeders’ Societies.
  • Gokul Gram: To develop indigenous breeds including upto 40% nondescript breeds.
  • National Kamdhenu Breeding Centres: Established as Centres of Excellence to develop and conserve Indigenous Breeds holistically and scientifically.
  • Pashu Sanjivni: An Animal Wellness Programme encompassing the provision of Animal Health cards (‘Nakul Swasthya Patra’) along with UID identification and uploading data on a National Data Base.
  • Advanced Reproductive Technology: Including Assisted Reproductive Technique-In-vitro Fertilization (IVF)/ Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer (MOET) and sex-sorted semen technique to improve the availability of disease-free female bovines.
  • National Bovine Genomic Center for Indigenous Breeds (NBGC-IB): For selection of breeding bulls of high genetic merit at a young age using highly precise gene-based technology.
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