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  • Context (IE): The Odisha government is set to inaugurate the Shree Mandira Parikrama project.
  • It is an Rs 800-crore heritage corridor around Jagannath Temple (Puri, Odisha) to improve infrastructure for devotees visiting the renowned temple.

Jagannath Temple

  • Dedicated to Lord Jagannath, a form of Lord Krishna.
  • The main deities are Lord Jagannath, his brother Balabhadra, and his sister Subhadra.
  • One of the Char Dham pilgrimage sites (Badrinath, Dwaraka, Puri, Rameswaram) for Hindus.
  • Known for its Kalinga architecture.
  • The temple is believed to have been constructed by King Anantavarman Chodaganga (Eastern Ganga Dynasty) in the 12th century.
  • A unique ritual of changing the wooden forms of the deities is known as Nabakalebara. Takes place at intervals of 8, 12, or 19 years.
  • Annual Rath Yatra (chariot festival) is a major event where these deities are taken in grand processions.
  • Non-Hindus are not allowed inside the temple premises.
  • Consecration (Special ceremonies to sanctify an object) of the temple is a significant event with elaborate rituals.

Kalingan Temple Architecture

  • It is a style of Hindu architecture that flourished in the ancient Kalinga, previously known as Utkal and in present Odisha.
  • The style consists of three distinct types of temples: Rekha Deula, Pidha Deula, and Khakhara Deula.
  • The Rekha Deula and Khakhara Deula houses the sanctorum, while the Pidha Deula constitutes outer dancing and offering halls.

Kalingan Temple Architecture

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