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Global Housing Technology Challenge-India (GHTC-India)

GHTC-India for Affordable Urban Housing

TH | Prelims + Mains | Government policies for development in various sectors > Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs

  • Launched in 2019, the Global Housing Technology Challenge-India (GHTC-India) is undertaken under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban (PMAY-U).
  • GHTC aims to fast-track the construction & meet the target of constructing 2 crore houses by 2022.
  • GHTC focuses on identifying & mainstreaming proven technologies for lighthouse projects.
  • It also focuses on spotting potential tech through Affordable Sustainable Housing Accelerators (ASHA).

What are Light house projects?

  • LHPs are model housing projects with houses built with shortlisted innovative alternate technology suitable to the geo-climatic & hazard conditions of the region.
  • The LHPs are being constructed at Indore (Madhya Pradesh), Rajkot (Gujarat), Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Ranchi (Jharkhand), Agartala (Tripura) & Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh).
  • They comprise about 1000 houses at each location along with allied infrastructure facilities.
  • LHPs deliver houses with speed, economy & with better quality of construction in a sustainable manner.
  • These LHPs will provide the scope for incubating new technologies for construction & innovation.
  • The period of construction is maximum 12 months.
  • Approvals will be accorded through a fast-track process by the concerned states (cooperative federalism).
  • Six Technology providers have been selected through online bidding process for construction of LHPs.

LHP Location

Technology Selected (names not important; they are just for understanding)

  1. Indore
Prefabricated Sandwich Panel System
  1. Rajkot
Monolithic Concrete Construction
  1. Chennai
Precast Concrete Construction System- Precast components assembled at site
  1. Ranchi
Precast Concrete Construction System-3D Precast Volumetric
  1. Agartala
Light Gauge Steel Structural System & Pre-engineered Steel Structural System
  1. Lucknow
Stay In-place Formwork System
These technologies will be sourced from various developed countries like France, Germany, U.S., etc.

Other measures by the government towards affordable housing

  • The new Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Act (RERA) is aimed at protecting the buyers.
  • Taxes on affordable & regular houses has been reduced from 8 to 1 percent & GST from 12 to 5 per cent.
  • Central rental housing complex project was conceived to address the issues faced by migrant labourers.
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