GHTC-India for Affordable Urban Housing
TH | Prelims + Mains | Government policies for development in various sectors > Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs
- Launched in 2019, the Global Housing Technology Challenge-India (GHTC-India) is undertaken under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban (PMAY-U).
- GHTC aims to fast-track the construction & meet the target of constructing 2 crore houses by 2022.
- GHTC focuses on identifying & mainstreaming proven technologies for lighthouse projects.
- It also focuses on spotting potential tech through Affordable Sustainable Housing Accelerators (ASHA).
What are Light house projects?
- LHPs are model housing projects with houses built with shortlisted innovative alternate technology suitable to the geo-climatic & hazard conditions of the region.
- The LHPs are being constructed at Indore (Madhya Pradesh), Rajkot (Gujarat), Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Ranchi (Jharkhand), Agartala (Tripura) & Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh).
- They comprise about 1000 houses at each location along with allied infrastructure facilities.
- LHPs deliver houses with speed, economy & with better quality of construction in a sustainable manner.
- These LHPs will provide the scope for incubating new technologies for construction & innovation.
- The period of construction is maximum 12 months.
- Approvals will be accorded through a fast-track process by the concerned states (cooperative federalism).
- Six Technology providers have been selected through online bidding process for construction of LHPs.
Technology Selected (names not important; they are just for understanding)
||Prefabricated Sandwich Panel System|
||Monolithic Concrete Construction|
||Precast Concrete Construction System- Precast components assembled at site|
||Precast Concrete Construction System-3D Precast Volumetric|
||Light Gauge Steel Structural System & Pre-engineered Steel Structural System|
||Stay In-place Formwork System|
|These technologies will be sourced from various developed countries like France, Germany, U.S., etc.|
Other measures by the government towards affordable housing
- The new Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Act (RERA) is aimed at protecting the buyers.
- Taxes on affordable & regular houses has been reduced from 8 to 1 percent & GST from 12 to 5 per cent.
- Central rental housing complex project was conceived to address the issues faced by migrant labourers.