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  • Context (TH): Chlorine gas leak in the Jhajhra area of Dehradun.
  • Chlorine is a yellow-green gas at room temperature.
  • Chlorine has a pungent, irritating odour that is detectable at low concentrations.
  • The density of chlorine gas is greater than air, which will cause it to initially remain near the ground in areas with little air movement.
  • Chlorine is not flammable but may react explosively or form explosive compounds with many common substances (including acetylene, ammonia, natural gas, and hydrogen)
  • Chlorine is slightly water soluble and reacts with moisture to form hydrochloric acid (HCl).
  • Chlorine is commonly pressurized and cooled for storage and shipment.
  • It is produced commercially by electrolysis of sodium chloride brine.
  • Chlorine is used in industry and household cleaning products.
  • Chlorine was also the first poison gas to be used as a weapon during World War I.
  • Chlorine ions help regulate osmotic pressure and help us digest food.
  • Chlorine atoms can destroy ozone molecules, severely depleting the stratospheric layer.
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