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GS 3 – Infrastructure – Ports
- Sagarmala project is a port-led development programme of Ministry of Shipping.
- A Shipping ministry study has claimed that the project could lead to an annual saving of Rs 40,000 crore by optimizing logistics.
Need for such a project
Explain the importance of Sagarmala Project to the Indian Economy. What are Objectives of the project?
- Currently 95% of India’s trade by value and 70 % by volume take place through maritime transport.
- India is lacking the high quantity of international trade via coastal line due to the lack of infrastructure facilities and advanced coastal technologies.
- The cost of shipping/evacuating goods through Indian maritime transport is quite high compared to that of China, South Korea, Japan and other developed countries. This makes Indian goods uncompetitive in the international market.
- China, South Korea and Japan have effectively used their coastline for ‘port-led development’. India has to replicate their model to stay competitive.
- So, a plan has to be devised to reduce logistics cost and strengthen India’s EXIM industry. Sagarmala Project is one such plan.
- Augmenting operational efficiency of ports (more terminals for loading and unloading cargo)
- Optimizing logistics (rails, roads and inland waterways).
- Identify capacity additions (more ports wherever viable).
- Modernize India’s Ports so that port-led development can be augmented.
- Promoting coastal shipping of bulk commodities like coal.
- Setting-up coastal clusters for bulk commodities like cement & steel.
- Providing last-mile connectivity of ports with National Highways and Railway network.
- Establishing new transshipment port (transfer cargo from one ship to another).
- Creating dedicated coastal berth ports for coastal shipping.
- Setting up storage capacities at origin-destination ports to shorten turnaround time.
- Developing adequate ship-repair facilities in the maritime states.
- Constructing new ports by securing private-sector participation through PPP models.
- Improving the port connectivity via various rail corridors, freight friendly expressways and inland waterways.
A National Sagarmala Apex Committee (NSAC) is envisaged for
- overall policy guidance,
- high level coordination, and
- to review various aspects of planning and implementation of the plan and projects.
|Vizhinjam International Seaport
|Sagar Island Port
Sagarmala project is recently in news. What is the project about?
- It is a counter to China’s String of Pearls.
- It is a port-led development programme.
- It is a security infrastructure envisaged by India in the Indian Ocean region.
- It is a defense capability enhancement project of Indian Navy.