Dedicated Freight Corridor: Western & Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridors

PIB | Prelims + Mains | GS3 > Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

  • Context: PM dedicated to the nation the 306 Km New Rewari-New Madar Section of the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC).
  • It is situated in Haryana & Rajasthan.
  • The opening of this stretch will benefit various industries in the surrounding areas of Rajasthan & Haryana.

What is a Dedicated Freight Corridor?

  • It is a high speed & high-capacity railway corridor that is exclusively meant for the transportation of freight (goods & commodities).
  • On the normal lanes, goods trains must make way for passenger trains, thereby delaying freight movement.
  • The surging power needs requiring heavy coal movement, booming infrastructure construction, & growing international trade has led to the conception of the Dedicated Freight Corridors.
  • DFC involves the seamless integration of better infrastructure & state of the art technology.
  • It will allow for efficient & fast movement of freight (very important for the horticulture sector).

Dedicated Freight Corridor Project

  • Under Ministry of Railways.
  • The project involves the construction of six freight corridors traversing the entire country.
  • The purpose of the project is to provide a safe & efficient freight transportation system.
  • Initially, the construction of two freight corridors,
  1. Western DFC connecting the states of Haryana & Maharashtra &
  2. Eastern DFC connecting the states Punjab & West Bengal, is being undertaken.
  • The other four corridors include
  1. North-South (Delhi-Tamil Nadu),
  2. East-West (West Bengal-Maharashtra),
  3. East-South (West Bengal-Andhra Pradesh) &
  4. South-South (Tamil Nadu-Goa).
  • These four corridors are still in the planning stage.
  • In 2006, the Government of India established a dedicated body to implement the project, called the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India (DFCCIL).

Significance

  • The diversion of freight to DFCs on trunk routes will free up the existing network for the kind of capacity expansion needed for passenger movement.
  • It will also integrate the Industrial Corridors.
In short
  • Logistics costs will be reduced.
  • Reduction in the unit cost of transportation,
  • Smaller organization & management cost,
  • Higher efficiency & lower energy consumption.
  • Faster movement of goods.
  • It is environmentally friendly.
  • Helps in generating more employment.

Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC)

  • Dadri, U.P to Jawaharlal Nehru Port, Mumbai-1,468 km
  • The WDFC covers Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra & Uttar Pradesh.
  • It is being funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency.

Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC)

  • Ludhiana Punjab to Dankuni West Bengal-1,760 km
  • The EDFC route covers Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand & West Bengal
  • The EDFC route has coal mines, thermal power plants & industrial cities.
  • Feeder routes are also being made for these.
  • EDFC is being funded by the World Bank.
  • Connecting Link for Eastern & Western Arm is under construction between Dadri & Khurja.
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