How to choose optional
- Senior Advice: If you once choose a subject as your optional, you will have to live with it for many months. So choose it wisely [I switched 2 optionals. 1st I had Public Administration and then Political Science and now Geography. So I did waste a lot of time and money in terms of books and other resources].
What to consider before choosing an optional?
- Very Important: YOUR INTEREST IN THE SUBJECT [You should do what you love or you should love what you do – it was really hard for me to love PA and Political Science [Theory part]. So I switched to my all-time love – Geography].
- The complexity of the subject, availability of resources, time required.
- Time: PA can be finished in 3 – 4 months.
- Resources: Books are easily available and might cost you somewhere around Rs 2000-3000.
- Guidance: Most popular optional and all coaching institutes teach this subject. You should get help from Seniors and you should make groups among yourself and help out each other.
So what not to consider while choosing optional
- Other person’s free biased advice.
- Coachingwalas free propaganda.
The good thing about PA is all topics are available in books. Much net digging is not required.
The bad thing is all topics are scattered in 4-5 books and all these books are bulky [500 or more pages]. You need to be INCREDIBLY CHOOSY.
Books for Public Administration Optional
PAPER – I – Administrative Theory
- Administrative Behaviour
- Accountability and control
- Administrative Thought
- Comparative Public Administration
- Development Dynamics
- Personnel Administration
- Financial Administration
- Other minor topics scattered here and there.
Part II – Indian Administration
- Union Government and Administration
- Civil Services
- State Government and Administration
- District Administration since Independence
- Urban Local Government
- Financial Administration
|IGNOU BA and MA [Must Have]||Almost all topics present||Download from Mrunal.org|
Public Administration Optional Syllabus
PAPER – I – Administrative Theory
- Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration; Wilson’s vision of Public Administration; Evolution of the discipline and its present status; New Public Administration; Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation , Globalisation; Good Governance: concept and application; New Public Management.
- Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s bureaucratic model – its critique and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett); Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I. Barnard); Simon’s decision-making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor).
- Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories – content, process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.
- Theories – systems, contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies, Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public – Private Partnerships.
Accountability and control: Concepts of accountability and control;
- Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration; Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations ; Civil society; Citizen’s Charters; Right to Information; Social audit.
- Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative Tribunals.
Comparative Public Administration
- Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and politics in different countries; Current status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and administration; Riggsian models and their critique.
- Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; ‘Antidevelopment thesis’; Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of liberalisation on administration in developing countries; Women and development – the self-help group movement.
- Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions; employer-employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative ethics.
- Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualisation, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.
Techniques of Administrative Improvement
- Organisation and methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and information technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.
- Monetary and fiscal policies; Public borrowings and public debt Budgets – types and forms; Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.
PAPER – II – Indian Administration
Evolution of Indian Administration
- Kautilya’s Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and administration – Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self-government.
Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government
- Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development.
Public Sector Undertakings
- Public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy, accountability and control; Impact of liberalization and privatization.
Union Government and Administration
- Executive, Parliament, Judiciary – structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends; Intragovernmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat; Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions; Attached offices; Field organizations.
Plans and Priorities
- Machinery of planning; Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council; ‘Indicative’ planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.
State Government and Administration
- Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission; Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.
District Administration since Independence
- Changing role of the Collector; Union-state-local relations; Imperatives of development management and law and order administration; District administration and democratic decentralization.
- Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity-building; Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations; Political rights; Grievance redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism.
- Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
Administrative Reforms since Independence
- Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management and human resource development; Problems of implementation.
- Institutions and agencies since independence; Rural development programmes: foci and strategies; Decentralization and Panchayati Raj;73rd Constitutional amendment.
Urban Local Government
- Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment; Globallocal debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management.
Law and Order Administration
- British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of central and state agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism; Criminalisation of politics and administration; Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.
Significant issues in Indian Administration
- Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface; Corruption and administration; Disaster management.